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Brenda Shaffer

Brenda Shaffer is Research Director of the Caspian Studies Program at Harvard University. She is the author of Borders and Brethren: Iran and the Challenge of Azerbaijani Identity (MIT Press, 2002).

Titles by This Author

Iran and the Challenge of Azerbaijani Identity

The Azerbaijani people have been divided between Iran and the former Soviet republic of Azerbaijan for more than 150 years, yet they have retained their ethnic identity. The collapse of the Soviet Union and the emergence of an independent Azerbaijan have only served to reinforce their collective identity.

Titles by This Editor

Islam and Foreign Policy
Edited by Brenda Shaffer

In recent years, analysts of world affairs have suggested that cultural interests -- ethnicity, religion, and ideology -- play a primary role in patterns of conflict and alliances, and that in the future the "clash of civilizations" will dominate international relations.