Skip navigation

Ian Whitmarsh

Ian Whitmarsh is Assistant Professor in the Department of Anthropology, History, and Social Medicine at the University of California, San Francisco.

Titles by This Editor

Modern Governance and the Biology of Difference

The post–civil rights era perspective of many scientists and scholars was that race was nothing more than a social construction. Recently, however, the relevance of race as a social, legal, and medical category has been reinvigorated by science, especially by discoveries in genetics. Although in 2000 the Human Genome Project reported that humans shared 99.9 percent of their genetic code, scientists soon began to argue that the degree of variation was actually greater than this, and that this variation maps naturally onto conventional categories of race.