Communications Under the Seas
By the end of the twentieth century, fiber-optic technology had made possible a worldwide communications system of breathtaking speed and capacity. This amazing network is the latest evolution of communications technologies that began with undersea telegraph cables in the 1850s and continued with coaxial telephone cables a hundred years later. Communications under the Seas traces the development of these technologies and assesses their social, economic, and political effects. If we cannot predict the ultimate consequences of today's wired world—its impact on economic markets, free expression, and war and peace—or the outcome of the conflict between wired and wireless technology, we can examine how similar issues have been dealt with in the past. The expert contributors to this volume do just that, discussing technical developments in undersea cables (and the development of competing radio and satellite communications technology), management of the cables by private and public interests, and their impact on military and political activities.
Chapters cover such topics as the daring group of nineteenth-century entrepreneurs who wove a network of copper wires around the world (and then turned conservative with success); the opening of the telegraphic network to general public use; the government- and industry-forced merger of wireless and cable companies in Britain; and the impact of the cable network on diplomacy during the two world wars.
Contributors: Jorma Ahvenainen, Robert Boyce, Bernard Finn, Pascal Griset, Daniel R. Headrick, Jeff Hecht, Peter J. Hugill, Kurt Jacobsen, David Paull Nickles, Jonathan Reed Winkler, Daqing Yang
Dibner Institute Studies in the History of Science and Technology
About the Editors
Bernard Finn is Curator Emeritus of Electrical Collections at the National Museum of American History at the Smithsonian Institution. He is the author or editor of a number of books and articles on electrical history, museums, and submarine telegraphy.
Daqing Yang is Associate Professor of History and International Affairs at George Washington University. His research interests and publications have dealt mainly with Japanese and East Asian history, including the role of communications technology in Japan's overseas expansion.
"The excellent contributions to this volume help to underscore the need for additional research and publications to fill out the global map. Finn, Yang, and their colleagues have set a high standard.", John A. Britton, Technology and Culture
"This superb collection of essays by the world's leading historians of international communications is a welcome addition to the small but growing literature on the geopolitical dimensions of information technology."
Richard R. John, Professor of History, University of Illinois at Chicago
"Bernard Finn and Daqing Yang have assembled a world-class team of scholars focused on the history and geopolitical and economic implications of transoceanic cable telecommunications. This is a volume in which any reader can find challenging, fundamental questions about the co-evolution of technology, the nation state, and global capitalism. I can't imagine a better way to provoke debate and meaningful discussion than to assign the chapters in this book to students and begin with the simple question, 'So what do some ribbons of copper and glass on the bottom of the sea tell us about technology, commerce, empire, and geopolitics?'"
David A. Hounshell, David M. Roderick Professor of Technology and Social Change, Carnegie Mellon University
"This publication goes well beyond recording the technical history of the development and installation of undersea communications cables. The authors provide a perspective on how the world community reacted to improved communications during good economic times and bad, during times of war and times of peace, and under changing political regimes of the last two centuries. This book is well worth a thorough read!"
Wally Reed, former President, IEEE