Evaluating the effectiveness of international regimes presents challenges that are both general and specific. What are the best methodologies for assessment within a governance area and do they enable comparison across areas? In this book, Olav Schram Stokke connects the general to the specific, developing new tools for assessing international regime effectiveness and then applying them to a particular case, governance of the Barents Sea fisheries. Stokke’s innovative disaggregate methodology makes cross-comparison possible by breaking down the problem and the relevant empirical evidence.
Stokke employs fuzzy-set qualitative comparative analysis, and his approach is disaggregate in three ways: it separates the specific governance problem into its cognitional, regulatory, and behavioral components; it splits into three the counterfactual analysis of what the outcome would have been if the regime had not existed; and it decomposes the empirical evidence to maximize the number of observations. By applying this methodology to a regional resource regime known as one of the world’s most successful, Stokke bridges the gap between the intensive case study analyses that have dominated the field and increasingly ambitious efforts to devise quantitative methods for examining the causal impacts of regimes. Stokke’s analysis sheds light on the implementation and the interaction of international institutions, with policy implications of regime design and operation.
About the Author
Olav Schram Stokke is Research Professor at the Fridtjof Nansen Institute in Norway. He is coeditor of Managing Institutional Complexity: Regime Interplay and Global Environmental Change (MIT Press, 2011) and International Cooperation and Arctic Governance and editor of Governing High Seas Fisheries: The Interplay of Global and Regional Regimes.
Table of Contents
- Disaggregating International Regimes
- Earth System Governance: A Core Research Project of the International Human Dimensions Programme on Global Environmental Change
- Frank Biermann and Oran R. Young, series editors
- Oran R. Young,
- Institutional Dynamics: Emergent Patterns in International Environmental Governance
- Frank Biermann and Philipp Pattberg, eds.,
- Global Environmental Governance Reconsidered
- Olav Schram Stokke,
- Disaggregating International Regimes: A New Approach to Evaluation and Comparison
- Disaggregating International Regimes
- A New Approach to Evaluation and Comparison
- Olav Schram Stokke
- The MIT Press
- Cambridge, Massachusetts
- London, England
- Massachusetts Institute of Technology
- All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced in any form by any electronic or mechanical means (including photocopying, recording, or information storage and retrieval) without permission in writing from the publisher.
- MIT Press books may be purchased at special quantity discounts for business or sales promotional use. For information, please email email@example.com or write to Special Sales Department, The MIT Press, 55 Hayward Street, Cambridge, MA 02142.
- This book was set in Sabon by Toppan Best-set Premedia Limited, Hong Kong. Printed on recycled paper and bound in the United States of America.
- Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
- Stokke, Olav Schram, 1961–
- Disaggregating international regimes : a new approach to evaluation and comparison / Olav Schram Stokke.
- p. cm.—(Earth system governance: a core research project of the international human dimensions programme on global environmental change)
- Includes bibliographical references and index.
- ISBN 978-0-262-01801-2 (hc : alk. paper)—ISBN 978-0-262-51784-3 (pbk. : alk. paper)
- 1. Fishery law and legislation. 2. Fishery law and legislation—Barents Sea. 3. Economic zones (law of the sea)—Barents Sea. 4. Barents Sea I. Title.
- K3895.S76 2012
- 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
- Series Foreword vii
- Preface ix
- List of Abbreviations xiii
- 1 Introduction: A Disaggregate Approach 1
- 2 Effectiveness Theories and Methods 37
- 3 Means for Governance 81
- 4 Cognitional Effectiveness 109
- 5 Regulatory Effectiveness 153
- 6 Behavioral Effectiveness 193
- 7 Aggregate Effectiveness 237
- 8 Conclusions 261
- Appendixes 285
- Notes 305
- References 313
- Index 339
“A central problem of our time is fostering the sustainable co-evolution of natural and socio-economic systems. Because this problem is global in scope, international regimes must play a key role. When and how are international regimes effective? Olav Schram Stokke answers this difficult question in Disaggregating International Regimes. His analysis is incisive, innovative, and insightful, triangulating process tracing, configurational comparative analysis, and statistical inference. He offers a dramatic analytic breakthrough in his demonstration of how to use counterfactual analysis to assess regime effectiveness, providing an important template for future research.”
--Charles Ragin, Professor of Sociology and Political Science, University of Arizona"—
“This book is well researched and presents a fresh approach to the analysis of regime effectiveness. It emphasizes that to be effective, an international regime does not only require appropriate regulation and ensuing behavioral changes of relevant actors, but also a reliable cognitive foundation. It blends theoretical analysis with an interesting study of the Barents Sea fisheries regime. I highly recommend it to those concerned with the methodological and theoretical aspects of regime effectiveness research and to those interested in a highly topical cooperation project in the conflict-ridden Arctic area.”
--Thomas Gehring, Professor of International Politics and European Integration, Otto-Friedrich University Bamberg"—
“Olav Schram Stokke makes major contributions to our understanding of international institutions. Perhaps Stokke’s most important contribution is theoretical, helping us think more clearly about the fact that international institutions perform distinct cognitive, regulatory, and behavioral functions and that a complete understanding of international institutions requires that we think about these separately.”
--Ronald B. Mitchell, Professor of Political Science and Environmental Politics, University of Oregon"—
"All those who thought there was nothing much to be added to the existing research on regime evolution and effectiveness will be compelled by this book to change their minds. Olav Schram Stokke provides a fresh and most systematic approach to disaggregating regime effectiveness that will no doubt take a central place in any collection on the subject."
--Sebastian Oberthür, Academic Director, Institute for European Studies, Vrije Universiteit Brussel"—