This theoretical guide for speech-language pathologists, neuropsychologists, neurologists, and cognitive psychologists describes the linguistic and psycholinguistic basis of aphasias that are a result of acquired neurological disease. Caplan first outlines contemporary concepts and models in language processing and then shows in detail how these are related to language disorders.
Construal presents a new theory of sentence processing, one that allows a limited type of underspecification in the syntactic analysis of sentences. It extends what has arguably been the dominant theory of parsing (the garden-path theory developed by Lyn Frazier and colleagues) through the 1980s into new and previously unexplored domains, and greatly advances the potential for insights into how meaning is both made and understood.
Cognitive Models of Speech Processing presents extensive reviews of current thinking on psycholinguistic and computational topics in speech recognition and natural-language processing, along with a substantial body of new experimental data and computational simulations. Topics range from lexical access and the recognition of words in continuous speech to syntactic processing and the relationship between syntactic and intonational structure.
A Bradford Book. ACL-MIT Press Series in Natural Language Processing
This comprehensive collection of current research in the development of speech perception and perceptual learning documents the striking changes that take place both in early childhood and throughout life and speculates about the mechanisms responsible for those changes. The findings reported from this rich and active field address the role of growing linguistic knowledge and experience and demonstrate that speech perception develops in a bidirectional interplay with several levels of linguistic structure and cognitive processes.
How do humans understand and process language? The 18 contributions in Lexical Representation and Process provide a coherent and well-documented frame of reference for a field of study that is becoming central to both linguistics and psycholinguistics. They include a wide variety of approaches - from the radical alternative of new connectionist models, through new developments in traditional symbolic approaches, to the reemphasis on linguistic concepts as a crucial input to psycholinguistic models.
These essays by some of the most prominent figures in linguistics, artificial intelligence, and psychology explore the problems involved in creating a general cognitive science that will treat language, thought, and behavior in an integrated fashion. They address the fundamental questions of the relations between linguistic structures and cognitive processes, between cognitive processes and language behavior, and between language behavior and linguistic structure.
What is language? Can we distinguish language from general cognition? Is language an isolable, biologically coherent system? Does the linguistic description of language as an autonomous system, formed from a combination of more-or-less autonomous subsystems, correspond to psychological and neurophysiological fact? This collection of original contributions, drawn from a Neurosciences Research Program Work Session, provides a comprehensive and thoroughly up-to-date discussion of the research, knowledge, and debates in the neurobiology of language.
These contributions by well-known linguists, psychologists, and neuroscientists explore the new concepts and themes that extend and revise previously held ideas about the biology of cognition. They present outstanding and timely research on the biological mechanisms underlying and correlating with linguistic and developmental processes.
"Any adequate psychology of man must provide some way to understand the human capacity for language," the editors of this volume write. "It was a belief shared by quite a few among us that developments in linguistics and psychology were leading to similar conclusions by separate routes and that this was an appropriate time to explore the implications of these apparently parallel developments for future, perhaps joint, work. This volume represents a few initial steps in the direction of that goal."