Heritage and Debt
Art in Globalization
344 pp., 7 x 9 in, 82 b&w illus.
- Published: March 17, 2020
- Publisher: The MIT Press
How global contemporary art reanimates the past as a resource for the present, combating modern art's legacy of Eurocentrism.
If European modernism was premised on the new—on surpassing the past, often by assigning it to the “traditional” societies of the Global South—global contemporary art reanimates the past as a resource for the present. In this account of what globalization means for contemporary art, David Joselit argues that the creative use of tradition by artists from around the world serves as a means of combatting modern art's legacy of Eurocentrism. Modernism claimed to live in the future and relegated the rest of the world to the past. Global contemporary art shatters this myth by reactivating various forms of heritage—from literati ink painting in China to Aboriginal painting in Australia—in order to propose new and different futures. Joselit analyzes not only how heritage becomes contemporary through the practice of individual artists but also how a cultural infrastructure of museums, biennials, and art fairs worldwide has emerged as a means of generating economic value, attracting capital and tourist dollars.
Joselit traces three distinct forms of modernism that developed outside the West, in opposition to Euro-American modernism: postcolonial, socialist realism, and the underground. He argues that these modern genealogies are synchronized with one another and with Western modernism to produce global contemporary art. Joselit discusses curation and what he terms “the curatorial episteme,” which, through its acts of framing or curating, can become a means of recalibrating hierarchies of knowledge—and can contribute to the dual projects of decolonization and deimperialization.
In Heritage and Debt David Joselit addresses in a direct and uncompromising way the new aesthetic conditions generated by globalization. This book inaugurates a new, self-reflexive, and theoretically articulate debate about the status of indigeneity in relation to the global art market, offering rich readings of individual works of art and critical interventions, while remaining properly skeptical of the malign mechanisms of late capitalism.
Tim Barringer, Chair and Paul Mellon Professor, Department of the History of Art at Yale University
The issues tacked in Heritage and Debt need to be faced, for they won't go away. For that reason, this book matters.
What David Joselit offers in Heritage and Debt (2020) is a convincing description of the global and historical dynamics that produced 'contemporary art' as something distinct from what preceded it. For most observers of art and its history today, that question would be answered with some combination of 'postmodernism' and 'modernism,' which is not incorrect. But on Joselit's account, that answer is both woefully incomplete and politically compromised.