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Christopher Tozzi

Christopher Tozzi is Assistant Professor of History at Howard University and a freelance writer. He is the author of Nationalizing France’s Army: Foreign, Black, and Jewish Troops in the French Military, 1715–1831.

Titles by This Author

A History of the Free and Open Source Software Revolution

In the 1980s, there was a revolution with far-reaching consequences—a revolution to restore software freedom. In the early 1980s, after decades of making source code available with programs, most programmers ceased sharing code freely. A band of revolutionaries, self-described “hackers,” challenged this new norm by building operating systems with source code that could be freely shared.