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Philipp Heeb

Philipp Heeb is Director of Research at the Centre national de la Recherche scientifiques (CNRS) in Evolutionary Ecology in the Laboratory for Evolution and Biological Diversity.

Titles by This Editor

Principles and Applications

In the natural world, some agents (investors) employ strategies that provide resources, services, or information, while others (exploiters) gain advantages through these efforts. This behavior coexists and can be observed in many species and at many levels. For example, bacteria depend on the existence of biofilms to synthesize constituent proteins; cancerous cells employ angiogenesis to feed a tumor; and parents forgo vaccinating their children yet benefit from herd immunity.