Ant Colony Optimization

Ant Colony Optimization

By Marco Dorigo and Thomas Stützle

An overview of the rapidly growing field of ant colony optimization that describes theoretical findings, the major algorithms, and current applications.

A Bradford Book





An overview of the rapidly growing field of ant colony optimization that describes theoretical findings, the major algorithms, and current applications.

The complex social behaviors of ants have been much studied by science, and computer scientists are now finding that these behavior patterns can provide models for solving difficult combinatorial optimization problems. The attempt to develop algorithms inspired by one aspect of ant behavior, the ability to find what computer scientists would call shortest paths, has become the field of ant colony optimization (ACO), the most successful and widely recognized algorithmic technique based on ant behavior. This book presents an overview of this rapidly growing field, from its theoretical inception to practical applications, including descriptions of many available ACO algorithms and their uses.

The book first describes the translation of observed ant behavior into working optimization algorithms. The ant colony metaheuristic is then introduced and viewed in the general context of combinatorial optimization. This is followed by a detailed description and guide to all major ACO algorithms and a report on current theoretical findings. The book surveys ACO applications now in use, including routing, assignment, scheduling, subset, machine learning, and bioinformatics problems. AntNet, an ACO algorithm designed for the network routing problem, is described in detail. The authors conclude by summarizing the progress in the field and outlining future research directions. Each chapter ends with bibliographic material, bullet points setting out important ideas covered in the chapter, and exercises. Ant Colony Optimization will be of interest to academic and industry researchers, graduate students, and practitioners who wish to learn how to implement ACO algorithms.


$50.00 X ISBN: 9780262042192 319 pp. | 7 in x 9 in 72 illus.

Not for sale on the Indian subcontinent.


  • Inspired by the remarkable ability of social insects to solve problems, Dorigo and Stützle introduce highly creative new technological design principles for seeking optimized solutions to extremely difficult real-world problems, such as network routing and task scheduling. This is essential reading not only for those working in artificial intelligence and optimization, but for all of us who find the interface between biology and technology fascinating.

    Iain D. Couzin

    University of Oxford

  • Marco Dorigo and Thomas Stützle impressively demonstrate that the importance of ant behavior reaches fear beyond the sociobiological domain. Ant Colony Optimization presents the most successful algortihmic techniques to be developed on the basis on ant behavior. This book will certainly open the gates for new experimental work on decision making, division of labor, and communication; moreover, it will also inspire all those studying patterns of self-organization.

    Bert Hölldobler

    Professor of Behavior Physiology and Sociobiology, Biozentrum, University of Würzburg, Germany