Elsa von Freytag-Loringhoven (1874–1927) is considered by many to be the first American dadaist as well as the mother of dada. An innovator in poetic form and an early creator of junk sculpture, "the Baroness" was best known for her sexually charged, often controversial performances. Some thought her merely crazed, others thought her a genius. The editor Margaret Anderson called her "perhaps the only figure of our generation who deserves the epithet extraordinary." Yet despite her great notoriety and influence, until recently her story and work have been little known outside the circle of modernist scholars.
In Baroness Elsa, Irene Gammel traces the extraordinary life and work of this daring woman, viewing her in the context of female dada and the historical battles fought by women in the early twentieth century. Striding through the streets of Berlin, Munich, New York, and Paris wearing such adornments as a tomato-soup can bra, teaspoon earrings, and black lipstick, the Baroness erased the boundaries between life and art, between the everyday and the outrageous, between the creative and the dangerous. Her art objects were precursors to dada objects of the teens and twenties, her sound and visual poetry were far more daring than those of the male modernists of her time, and her performances prefigured feminist body art and performance art by nearly half a century.
About the Author
Irene Gammel is Canada Research Chair in Modern Literature and Culture at Ryerson University, Toronto, where she directs the Modern Literature and Culture Research Centre. She is the author of Baroness Elsa: Gender, Dada, and Everyday Modernity (MIT Press).
—Mary Ann Caws, Distinguished Professor of English, French, and Comparative Literature, Graduate School, City University of New York
—Alan Filreis, Class of 1942 Professor of English, University of Pennsylvania
—Shelley Rice, author of Parisian Views and editor of Inverted Odysseys: Maya Deren, Claude Cahun, Cindy Sherman
—Marina Abramovic, artist, Academy of Fine Arts, Braunschweig
—Amelia Jones, Professor, Department of Art History, University of California, Riverside
—Naomi Sawelson-Gorse, editor of Women in Dada: Essays on Sex, Gender, and Identity
—Carolee Schneemann, visual artist, author of Imaging Her Erotics: Essays, Interviews, Projects
—Carolyn Burke, author of Becoming Modern: The Life of Mina Loy and Lee Miller: A Life
—Marisa Januzzi Thomas, Institute for Research on Women and Gender, Columbia University