Skip navigation
Hardcover | $40.00 Short | £32.95 | 312 pp. | 6 x 9 in | 8 b&w illus. | February 2018 | ISBN: 9780262037501
eBook | $28.00 Short | February 2018 | ISBN: 9780262344654
Mouseover for Online Attention Data

The Bodily Self

Selected Essays


These essays explore how the rich and sophisticated forms of self-consciousness with which we are most familiar—as philosophers, psychologists, and as ordinary, reflective individuals—depend on a complex underpinning that has been largely invisible to students of the self and self-consciousness. José Luis Bermúdez, extending the insights of his groundbreaking 1998 book, The Paradox of Self-Consciousness, argues that full-fledged, linguistic self-consciousness is built on a rich foundation of primitive, nonconceptual self-consciousness, and that these more primitive forms of self-consciousness persist in ways that frame self-conscious thought. They extend throughout the animal kingdom, and some are present in newborn human infants.

Bermúdez makes the case that these primitive forms of self-awareness can indeed be described as forms of self-consciousness, arguing that they share certain structural and epistemological features with full-fledged, linguistic self-consciousness. He offers accounts of certain important classes of states of nonconceptual content, including the self-specifying dimension of visual perception and the content of bodily awareness, considering how they represent the self. And he explores the general role of nonconceptual self-consciousness in our cognitive and affective lives, examining in several essays the relation between nonconceptual awareness of our bodies and what has been called our “sense of ownership” for our own bodies.

About the Author

José Luis Bermúdez is Professor of Philosophy at Texas A&M University. He is the coeditor of The Body and the Self (MIT Press) and the author of The Paradox of Self-Consciousness (MIT Press) and several other books, including most recently Understanding “I”: Language and Thought.


“This outstanding volume weaves nine substantially revised and expanded articles and a wholly new chapter into a sustained, penetrating, and important discussion of consciousness, self-consciousness, and bodily awareness. No other book pursues all these issues so compellingly; this is essential reading for anybody interested in philosophy of mind.”
David Rosenthal, Professor, Philosophy and Cognitive Science, Graduate Center, City University of New York

“Bermúdez examines self-consciousness in a new way. He explores the nonlinguistic foundations of a sense of ‘I,’ and weaves together philosophical, neuroscientific, and psychological analyses with depth, subtlety, and brilliance. New ideas spring from every page. This book is a stunning intellectual achievement and will become an instant classic in cognitive science.”
Andrew N. Meltzoff, Codirector, University of Washington Institute for Learning & Brain Sciences; coauthor of The Scientist in the Crib