Cheap and Clean
How do Americans think about energy? Is the debate over fossil fuels highly partisan and ideological? Does public opinion about fossil fuels and alternative energies divide along the fault between red states and blue states? And how much do concerns about climate change weigh on their opinions? In Cheap and Clean, Stephen Ansolabehere and David Konisky show that Americans are more pragmatic than ideological in their opinions about energy alternatives, more unified than divided about their main concerns, and more local than global in their approach to energy.
Drawing on extensive surveys they designed and conducted over the course of a decade (in conjunction with MIT’s Energy Initiative), Ansolabehere and Konisky report that beliefs about the costs and environmental harms associated with particular fuels drive public opinions about energy. People approach energy choices as consumers, and what is most important to them is simply that energy be cheap and clean. Most of us want energy at low economic cost and with little social cost (that is, minimal health risk from pollution). The authors also find that although environmental concerns weigh heavily in people’s energy preferences, these concerns are local and not global. Worries about global warming are less pressing to most than worries about their own city’s smog and toxic waste. With this in mind, Ansolabehere and Konisky argue for policies that target both local pollutants and carbon emissions (the main source of global warming). The local and immediate nature of people’s energy concerns can be the starting point for a new approach to energy and climate change policy.
About the Authors
Stephen Ansolabehere is Professor of Government at Harvard University and coauthor of The End of Inequality and other books.
David M. Konisky is Associate Professor in the School of Public and Environmental Affairs and the coeditor of Failed Promises: Evaluating the Federal Government’s Response to Environmental Justice (MIT Press).
—John Deutch, Institute Professor, MIT; former Director of Energy Research, Undersecretary of Energy, U.S. Department of Energy
—Thomas Dietz, Professor and Founding Director, Environmental Science and Policy Program, Michigan State University
—Eric R.A.N. Smith, Professor of Political Science, University of California, Santa Barbara
—Robert Duffy, Professor and Chair of the Political Science Department, Colorado State University; coauthor of Integrating Climate, Energy, and Air Pollution Policies
Winner, 2015 Don K. Price Award given by the Science, Technology and Environmental Politics section of the American Political Science Association.