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“We are at war,” declared the President of the French Republic on the evening of November 13, 2015. But what is this war, exactly?

Sourcing the Scales, Systems, and States of Canada's Global Resource Empire

Extraction is the process and practice that defines Canada, at home and abroad. Of the nearly 20,000 mining projects in the world from Africa to Latin America, more than half are Canadian operated. Not only does the mining economy employ close to 400,000 people in Canada, it contributed $57 billion CAD to Canada’s GDP in 2014 alone. Globally, more than 75 percent of the world’s mining firms are based in Canada. The scale of these statistics naturally extends the logic of Canada’s historical legacy as state, nation, and now as global resource empire.