Flint Fights Back

From Urban and Industrial Environments

Flint Fights Back

Environmental Justice and Democracy in the Flint Water Crisis

By Benjamin J. Pauli

An account of the Flint water crisis shows that Flint's struggle for safe and affordable water is part of a broader struggle for democracy.
Hardcover $95.00 X £78.00
Paperback $35.00 S £28.00





An account of the Flint water crisis shows that Flint's struggle for safe and affordable water is part of a broader struggle for democracy.

The open access edition of this book was made possible by generous funding from the MIT Libraries.

When Flint, Michigan, changed its source of municipal water from Lake Huron to the Flint River, Flint residents were repeatedly assured that the water was of the highest quality. At the switchover ceremony, the mayor and other officials performed a celebratory toast, declaring “Here's to Flint!” and downing glasses of freshly treated water. But as we now know, the water coming out of residents' taps harbored a variety of contaminants, including high levels of lead. In Flint Fights Back, Benjamin Pauli examines the water crisis and the political activism that it inspired, arguing that Flint's struggle for safe and affordable water was part of a broader struggle for democracy. Pauli connects Flint's water activism with the ongoing movement protesting the state of Michigan's policy of replacing elected officials in financially troubled cities like Flint and Detroit with appointed “emergency managers.”

Pauli distinguishes the political narrative of the water crisis from the historical and technical narratives, showing that Flint activists' emphasis on democracy helped them to overcome some of the limitations of standard environmental justice frameworks. He discusses the pro-democracy (anti–emergency manager) movement and traces the rise of the “water warriors”; describes the uncompromising activist culture that developed out of the experience of being dismissed and disparaged by officials; and examines the interplay of activism and scientific expertise. Finally, he explores efforts by activists to expand the struggle for water justice and to organize newly mobilized residents into a movement for a radically democratic Flint.


Out of Print ISBN: 9780262039857 432 pp. | 6 in x 9 in 18 b&w illus.


$35.00 S | £28.00 ISBN: 9780262536868 432 pp. | 6 in x 9 in 18 b&w illus.


  • Flint Fights Back is part sober analysis of the water crisis, part dispatch from the frontlines of the environmental justice movement, and a moving testament to a city's fighting spirit.

    American Scholar

  • A sadly necessary book putting the activism that emerged during the Flint water crisis into the context of the broader struggle to maintain and protect democracy. If it can happen there, it can happen anywhere.


  • [the book provides] a deeper analysis of the activists' movement than has been offered anywhere else.

    East Village Magazine

  • The book is a recommended read for environmental movement and policy scholars, comparative politics scholars looking for North American case studies, as well as Americanists looking for an accessible connection to environmental justice scholarship.

    Electronic Green Journal


  • A powerful telling of a remarkable journey as the people of Flint rose up to fight for their health, their water, and their democratic rights. Flint Fights Back is a story of tragedy and betrayal, but as well, one of hope and the human heart.

    Maude Barlow

    author, activist, founder of the Blue Planet Project, and Chair of the Board of Food and Water Watch

  • Flint Fights Back is a breathtaking book. Never before has Flint's movement for water and democracy been chronicled in such exciting, intimate detail. Transcending the usual narrative traps, Pauli has given us a brilliant account of political agency and possibility that does justice to the movement's complexities, conflicts, and power.

    Anna Clark

    author of The Poisoned City: Flint's Water and the American Urban Tragedy

  • What a wonderful book! Flint Fights Back is unlike any other coverage of Flint's water crisis. Ben Pauli is a scholar-activist and Flint resident. His ethnographic analysis reveals the role of anti-democratic decision-making in creating Flint's water crisis—with valuable insights for anyone interested in understanding or fighting environmental injustices.

    Dr. Amber Wutich

    President's Professor and Director, Center for Global Health, Arizona State University

  • Flint Fights Back is an indispensable account of what happened, and how ordinary people fought back. Pauli's first-hand experiences, analysis drawn from political theory, and attention to science, social movements, and policies is utterly unique. This book allows us to better understand justice and democracy in our current moment and beyond.

    Julie Sze

    Professor of American Studies at University of California, Davis