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Hardcover | Out of Print | 504 pp. | 6 x 9 in | 7 maps | May 2003 | ISBN: 9781890951344
Paperback | $26.95 Trade | £21.95 | 504 pp. | 6 x 9 in | 7 maps | August 2006 | ISBN: 9781890951351
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The Great Lakes of Africa

Two Thousand Years of History
Translated by Scott Straus


Though the genocide of 1994 catapulted Rwanda onto the international stage, English-language historical accounts of the Great Lakes region of Eastern Africa--which encompasses Burundi, eastern Congo, Rwanda, western Tanzania, and Uganda--are scarce. Drawing on colonial archives, oral tradition, archeological discoveries, anthropologic and linguistic studies, and his thirty years of scholarship, Jean-Pierre Chrétien offers a major synthesis of the history of the region, one still plagued by extremely violent wars. This translation brings the work of a leading French historian to an English-speaking audience for the first time. Chrétien retraces the human settlement and the formation of kingdoms around the sources of the Nile, which were "discovered" by European explorers around 1860. He describes these kingdoms' complex social and political organization and analyzes how German, British, and Belgian colonizers not only transformed and exploited the existing power structures, but also projected their own racial categories onto them. Finally, he shows how the independent states of the postcolonial era, in particular Burundi, Rwanda, and Uganda, have been trapped by their colonial and precolonial legacies, especially by the racial rewriting of the latter by the former. Today, argues Chrétien, the Great Lakes of Africa is a crucial region for historical research--not only because its history is fascinating but also because the tragedies of its present are very much a function of the political manipulations of its past.

About the Author

Jean-Pierre Chrétien is Directeur de Recherches at the Centre Nationale de Recherches Scientifique and affiliated with the Centre de Recherches Africaines at the University of Paris.


“Chretien brings three decades of scholarship and corresponding expertise to this comprehensive history...”—Publishers Weekly , starred review
“...anyone with an ancient interest in African affairs will benefit from this analysis.”—Kirkus Reviews
“A feast of information and analysis.”—Gail M. Gerhart, Foreign Affairs
“Africa enthusiasts will appreciate the maps of the Great Lakes...”—Mary H. Meier, Boston Globe
“Chretien has undertaken the formidable task of tracing the roots of the region's violence...”—John Shattuck, The New York Times