Guns and Butter
The Economic Causes and Consequences of Conflict
Insights into war and domestic insecurity, terrorism, and the costs of war and peace from new research that takes the political economy perspective on conflict.
Guns and Butter examines the causes and consequences of war from a political economy perspective, taking as its premise that a consideration of the incentives and constraints faced by individuals and groups is paramount in understanding conflict decision making. The chapter authors—leading economists and political scientists—believe that this perspective offers deeper insights into war and peace choices than the standard state-centric approach. Their contributions offer both theoretical and empirical support for the political economy perspective on conflict. Several broad themes cut across the chapters: war as an equilibrium phenomenon rather than an exogenous process; the interaction of politics, economics, and institutions and its effect on the frequency and severity of conflicts; the cost of fighting; and the often innovative character of conflict. Topics addressed include theoretical aspects of the ways in which domestic politics affects the decision to go to war; globalization and its effect on the net supply of terrorism; open markets and the likelihood of war and domestic insecurity; the costs of going to war in Iraq as compared to the costs of containment; the economic effects of the Rwandan genocide at a household level; and the evolving industrial organization of terrorist groups.
Contributors Brock Blomberg, Bruce Bueno de Mesquita, Ethan Bueno de Mesquita, Steven J. Davis, Michelle R. Garfinkel Edward Glaeser, Gregory D. Hess, Kai Konrad, Kevin M. Murphy, Peter Rosendorff, Stephen Sheppard, Stergios Skaperdas, Constantinos Syropoulos, Robert H. Topel, Marijke Verpoorten
HardcoverOut of Print ISBN: 9780262012812 336 pp. | 6 in x 9 in 21 figures, 36 tables
Paperback$25.00 X ISBN: 9780262528054 336 pp. | 6 in x 9 in 21 figures, 36 tables
Gregory Hess has brought together an excellent group of economists and political scientists to analyze military conflict. A series of cogent chapters cover major theoretical and empirical issues in understanding conflict, both among states, within countries, and between states and terrorist organizations. The chapters are of high quality, and illuminate topics of great relevance to contemporary international relations. This fine edited volume will be of great interest to scholars, students, and others who want to go beyond today's headlines to understand the sources of international and domestic violent conflicts.
Stanfield Professor of International Peace, Department of Government, Harvard University
Guns and Butter is an impressive study. A distinguished group of social scientists offer key insights into both the causes and the consequences of various dimensions of conflict, ranging from international war to terrorism. The result is a volume that will be of enduring value to scholars who are interested in the political economy of national security.
Hum Rosen Professor of Political Science, University of Pennsylvania