Industrial Transformation

Industrial Transformation

Environmental Policy Innovation in the United States and Europe

Edited by Theo de Bruijn and Vicki Norberg-Bohm





The United States and European countries are experimenting with a new generation of policy approaches for combating environmental degradation. Industrial Transformation evaluates the effectiveness of twelve innovative voluntary, collaborative, and information-based programs, focusing particularly on the effectiveness of these programs in bringing about industrial transformation—changes in production and consumption structures that will help move their societies toward environmental sustainability. The twelve programs analyzed have the potential to create incentives for industry leadership, stimulate beyond-compliance behavior, address environmental degradation not currently regulated, and encourage innovative solutions by involving a wide range of stakeholders. The programs—six in the United States and six in Europe—include Energy Star product labeling in the United States, R&D collaboration in US Department of Energy programs, the US Toxic Release Inventories, the EU's Eco-Audit Regulation in the UK, the Dutch Target Group Policy, and the German End-of-Life Vehicles Program. The comparative analysis of the twelve programs proves that these new approaches are not a panacea for industrial transformation. Taken together, the cases provide a range of experience from which to draw lessons for future policy design.


Out of Print ISBN: 9780262042284 376 pp. | 6 in x 9 in 13 illus.


$30.00 X ISBN: 9780262541817 376 pp. | 6 in x 9 in 13 illus.


Theo de Bruijn

Theo de Bruijn is Senior Research Associate at the Center for Clean Technology and Environmental Policy at the University of Twente, the Netherlands.

Vicki Norberg-Bohm

The late Vicki Norberg-Bohm was Director of the Energy Technology Innovation Project at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs at Harvard University's John F. Kennedy School of Government.


  • This excellent book evaluates the 'new governance' in environmental policy. It compares the impacts of innovative policy initiatives in the US and Europe over the past decade. All of these initiatives sought to inject new dynamism into industrial environmental policy, by breaking with conventional regulation and emphasizing voluntarism, collaboration, and transparency. While the results are sobering, de Bruijn and Norberg-Bohm's broader conclusions are significant. Only by integrating new policy instruments with elements of coercion and obligation are such proposals likely to be successful. This important and timely book sets the standard for policy studies in the field.

    Frans Berkhout

    Professor of Innovation and Sustainability, Institute for Environmental Studies, Free University of Amsterdam

  • This excellent volume offers a comprehensive analysis of the effectiveness of new governance approaches in transantlantic comparison. It reveals the potentials and shortcomings of voluntary and persuasive instruments to achieve an encompassing ecological modernization.

    Martin Janicke

    Envinromental Policy Research Center, Free University Berlin

  • This is the first really useful book for teaching comparative environmental politics. The country studies are comprehensive andwell-written, and Desai reaches fascinating comparative conclusions. I recommend it highly.

    Norman J. Vig

    Professor Emeritus of Science, Technology and Society, Carleton College

  • Industrial Transformation provides an excellent assessment of the need for change in public policies, especially regulatory policies. It gives us good case studies, in a common format, of several important initiatives. The distinctions between the sector- and firm-based approaches is useful, as is the combination of U.S. and European initiatives. The book will provide an excellent resource for researchers and practitioners in the field, and should draw interest on both sides of the Atlantic.

    Daniel J. Fiorino

    American University