Intentional Oil Pollution at Sea
How do environmental treaties influence international behavior? Deliberate discharges from oil tankers have traditionally been the biggest source of oil pollution from ships, greater than much-publicized accidental spills. Although an international treaty governs how tankers must dispose of oil, compliance has been a problem. Intentional Oil Pollution at Sea is a detailed case study of how international environmental treaties can be made more effective. Combining theoretical analysis with a rigorous empirical evaluation of changes in the compliance process over time, it identifies policies that have increased compliance by governments and the oil transportation industry with discharge restrictions, equipment requirements, enforcement, and reporting.
Ronald Mitchell introduces the debate over environmental treaty compliance, compliance theory, and a history of intentional oil pollution. He then uses a wealth of data to study efforts to change government and industry behavior in reporting on treaty performance, enforcing rules, and complying with equipment and discharge standards. He closes with theoretical conclusions drawn from the empirical analysis regarding the sources of effective treaty compliance as well as prescriptions for policymakers about how to negotiate more effective future environmental agreements.
Global Environmental Accords series
About the Author
Ronald B. Mitchell is Professor in the Department of Political Science at the University of Oregon.
—Robert O. Keohane, Stanfield Professor of International Peace, Harvard University
—Harold K. Jacobson, University of Michigan
—Abram Chayes, Felix Frankfurter Professor of Law, Harvard Law School
—Organ R. Young, Director, Institute on International Environmental Governance, Dartmouth College
—Edith Brown Weiss, Professor of Law, Georgetown University Law Center
Winner, 1994 Harold and Margaret Sprout Award given by the International Studies Association (ISA).