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Hardcover | Out of Print | 367 pp. | 5.8 x 8.9 in | April 1984 | ISBN: 9780262131957
Paperback | $38.00 X | £28.95 | 367 pp. | 5.8 x 8.9 in | December 1987 | ISBN: 9780262631150
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Language, Thought, and Other Biological Categories

New Foundations for Realism


Beginning with a general theory of function applied to body organs, behaviors, customs, and both inner and outer representations, Ruth Millikan argues that the intentionality of language can be described without reference to speaker intentions and that an understanding of the intentionality of thought can and should be divorced from the problem of understanding consciousness. The results support a realist theory of truth and of universals, and open the way for a nonfoundationalist and nonholistic approach to epistemology.

A Bradford Book

About the Author

Ruth Garrett Millikan is Distinguished Professor of Philosophy at the University of Connecticut. She is the author of Language, Thought, and Other Biological Categories (MIT Press, 1984) and White Queen Psychology and Other Essays for Alice (MIT Press, 1995) and On Clear and Confused Ideas.


“An exciting book. It is a sustained effort at developing a naturalistic view of intentionality. Millikan's writing is clear, forceful, and illuminating.”
Hector Neri-Casteneda, Indiana University