The New American Farmer
Immigration, Race, and the Struggle for Sustainability
An examination of Latino/a immigrant farmers as they transition from farmworkers to farm owners that offers a new perspective on racial inequity and sustainable farming.
The open access edition of this book was made possible by generous funding from the MIT Libraries.
Although the majority of farms in the United States have US-born owners who identify as white, a growing number of new farmers are immigrants, many of them from Mexico, who originally came to the United States looking for work in agriculture. In The New American Farmer, Laura-Anne Minkoff-Zern explores the experiences of Latino/a immigrant farmers as they transition from farmworkers to farm owners, offering a new perspective on racial inequity and sustainable farming. She finds that many of these new farmers rely on farming practices from their home countries—including growing multiple crops simultaneously, using integrated pest management, maintaining small-scale production, and employing family labor—most of which are considered alternative farming techniques in the United States.
Drawing on extensive interviews with farmers and organizers, Minkoff-Zern describes the social, economic, and political barriers immigrant farmers must overcome, from navigating USDA bureaucracy to racialized exclusion from opportunities. She discusses, among other topics, the history of discrimination against farm laborers in the United States; the invisibility of Latino/a farmers to government and universities; new farmers' sense of agrarian and racial identity; and the future of the agrarian class system.
Minkoff-Zern argues that immigrant farmers, with their knowledge and experience of alternative farming practices, are—despite a range of challenges—actively and substantially contributing to the movement for an ecological and sustainable food system. Scholars and food activists should take notice.
Paperback$30.00 X | £25.00 ISBN: 9780262537834 216 pp. | 6 in x 9 in 22 b&w illus.
Race, ethnicity, and immigration are pivotal challenges facing the US food system. Disrupting the dominant trope of Latino/a immigrant as farmworker, Minkoff-Zern expertly reveals the emerging reality of immigrant farm owners, who, despite many challenges, bring with them farming practices that are simultaneously ecological, sustainable, and family centered.
Professor of Urban and Environmental Policy and Planning, Tufts University; coeditor of Cultivating Food Justice: Race, Class, and Sustainability
Minkoff-Zern opens a new field of inquiry into class and racial structuring in American agriculture, detailing Latino/a farmworker transitions to autonomous ecological farming. Her bold challenge to researchers, policy makers, and activists foregrounds race as complicating recognition and inclusion, within a novel "agrarian question" informed by a political economy of migration.
Cornell University; author of Food Regimes and Agrarian Questions
A vivid and comprehensive inquiry into mostly overlooked realities, The New American Farmer critically rethinks trajectories toward inclusive futures for rural areas.
Jan Douwe van der Ploeg
Emeritus Professor of Rural Sociology, Wageningen University, the Netherlands; Adjunct Professor of the College of Humanities and Development Studies, China Agricultural University, Beijing