The Political Economy of Education
The dominant role played by the state in the financing, regulation, and provision of primary and secondary education reflects the widely-held belief that education is necessary for personal and societal well-being. The economic organization of education depends on political as well as market mechanisms to resolve issues that arise because of contrasting views on such matters as income inequality, social mobility, and diversity. This book provides the theoretical framework necessary for understanding the political economy of education—the complex relationship of education, economic growth, and income distribution—and for formulating effective policies to improve the financing and provision of education. The relatively simple models developed illustrate the use of analytical tools for understanding central policy issues.
After offering a historical overview of the development of public education and a review of current econometric evidence on education, growth, and income distribution, the authors lay the theoretical groundwork for the main body of analysis. First they develop a basic static model of how political decisions determine education spending; then they extend this model dynamically. Applying this framework to a comparison of education financing under different regimes, the authors explore fiscal decentralization; individual choice between public and private schooling, including the use of education vouchers to combine public financing of education with private provision; and the social dimension of education—its role in state-building, the traditional "melting pot" that promotes cohesion in a culturally diverse society.
About the Authors
Mark Gradstein is Professor and Chair of the Department of Economics at Ben Gurion University in Israel.
Moshe Justman is Professor of Economics at Ben Gurion University.
Volker Meier is a Research Associate at the Ifo Institute for Economic Research and a Research Fellow at CESifo.
"A first-rate, rigorous treatise formalizing important issues in the economics of education, including efficiency, equity, and key social externalities. Highly recommended."
—H. M. Levin, William Heard Kilpatrick Professor of Economics and Education, Teachers College, Columbia University, and David Jacks Professor of Education and Economics, Emeritus, Stanford University
"This short but very ambitious book is the first work to systematically correlate public and private education decisions with outcomes of schooling. The authors' simple formal models provide a structure for thinking clearly about the educational choices society faces. The book will surely motivate further theoretical and empirical study."
—Eric Hanushek, Hoover Institution, Stanford University
"Education is a key factor in the evolution of societies, one which both affects and reflects the pace of a country's economic growth, the extent of its inequality, and its general social structures. This book offers a brilliant and remarkably clear synthesis of recent work by the economic profession on this complex set of interactions. There is no doubt that it will be an essential reference on the economics of education and education policy for some time."