Road that Is Not a Road and the Open City, Ritoque, Chile
foreword by Joseph Rykwert
Several thousand miles south of the equator along the Pacific coast of South America, is the site of the Open City Amereida. It is a laboratory for thought and work, conceived and built by the faculty of architecture of the Catholic University of Valparaiso. Here architects, poets, artists, and engineers have been engaged in one of architectural education's most radical experiments for several decades. The school has long been a destination for those seeking an alternative to conventional academic practice and teaching. Now, its significance is being felt beyond the borders of Chile and South America.
Ann Pendleton-Jullian tells the story of the Open City in Ritoque, Chile, a designed city still in formation that has no master plan, no imposed ordering devices, and no hierarchical networks of infrastructure. The strange buildings placed among dunes and grasslands reflect instead the mind's translation of urban phenomena and natural phenomena relative to the construction of memory, and a process of composition that is not dependent on stylistic precedents, drawing boards, or academic discourse. Teaching takes place on site and employs poetic methods to activate the design process; the endeavor is considered more important than the result. More than 100 photographs are included, capturing the mystical spirit of the place and of its architecture.
Pendleton-Jullian discusses influences behind the Open City—the work and working methods of Surrealist French poets, the words and creative attitude of Le Corbusier, the heritage of the South American landscape and culture. Some of the more provocative issues that the work raises include the idea of "city" as it relates to human activity, to its physical reality, and to its intention; the premise of utopianism that rejects the foundations of utopia building; and issues of the sacred relative to the landscape in a modern context.
Graham Foundation/MIT Press Series in Contemporary Architectural Discourse
"The fascinating premise of this book is the belief in the possibility offounding a city in poetic acts, removing architecture from abstract geometry and centering it on the poetic word. I am very positive about this book and certainly recommend it. The questions it raises are extremely important for the practice of architecture, and particularly forthe teaching of the discipline. The author describes the Open City and its theoretical premises with great love. The existence of the experimental city itself is rather unknown in North America. This is a work that deserves to be better known in the English speaking world, in the context of other important pedagogical experiments in architecture ranging from the Bauhaus and Ulm to Cooper Union."
—Alberto Pérez-Gómez, Saidye Rosner Bronfman Professor of History of Architecture; Director, History & Theory of Architecture Graduate Program, McGill University
“I wish to recommend wholeheartedly Ann Pendleton-Jullian’s book. The project in Chile is mysterious, haunting, and magical. These architects speak to the sun and the moon, the earth and they sky. The photographs that Ann Pendleton-Jullian has taken, I believe, capture the mystical spirit of place and of Architecture. There will be a real response to this book because it rings true, is authentic and it loves Architecture. It is also an extremely important book, particularly as it comes out during this period of time, when most architecture is fashionable, thin and our language is perverted. Here we have a clear statement and obviously all the people involved are committed to the poetry of Architecture, space, landscape, and a culture.”
—John Hejduk, Dean, The Irwin S. Chanin School of Architecture of the Cooper Union