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Transformations: Studies in the History of Science and Technology

This series seeks to capture the traditional history of science and technology, and emphasizes explanations of the hard science practices that it seeks to historicize.

Engineering and Dictatorship in East Germany, 1945-1990

This analysis of the relationship between science and totalitarian rule in one of the most technically advanced countries in the East bloc examines professional autonomy under dictatorship and the place of technology in Communist ideology.

A Historical Ontology

A history of raw materials and chemical substances from the late seventeenth to the early nineteenth centuries that scrutinizes the modes of identification and classification used by chemists and learned practitioners of the period, examining the ways in which their practices and understanding of the material objects changed.

At the Crossroads of Biology, Politics, and Culture, 1500-1870

The cultural history of heredity: scholars from a range of disciplines discuss the evolution of the concept of heredity, from the Early Modern understanding of the act of "generation" to its later nineteenth-century definition as the transmission of characteristics across generations.

Astrology and Alchemy in Early Modern Europe
Edited by Anthony Grafton
Empiricism and Erudition in Early Modern Europe
Edited by Gianna Pomata

Essays examine how the genre of historia reflects connections between the study of nature and the study of culture in early modern scholarly pursuits.

How technical drawings shaped early engineering practice.

French Military Engineering from Vauban to the Revolution

A study of French military engineers at a crucial point in the evolution of modern engineering.

A reassessment of the Jesuit contributions to the emergence of the scientific worldview.

Adolphe Wurtz and the Battle for French Chemistry

After looking at the early careers of Wurtz's two mentors, Liebig and Jean-Baptiste Dumas, Rocke describes Wurtz's life and career in the politically complex period leading up to 1853. He then discusses the turning point in Wurtz's intellectual life—his conversion to the "reformed chemistry" of Laurent, Gerhardt, and Williamson—and his efforts to persuade his colleagues of the advantages of the new system.

Joseph von Fraunhofer and the Craft of Precision Optics
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