Shadows in the Forest
Japan and the Politics of Timber in Southeast Asia
This book is the first to analyze the environmental impact of Japanese trade, corporations, and aid on timber management in the context of Southeast Asian political economies. It is also one of the first comprehensive studies of why Southeast Asian states are unable to enforce forest policies and regulations.
1998 Winner of the International Studies Association's Harold and Margaret Sprout Award Peter Dauvergne developed the concept of a "shadow ecology" to assess the total environmental impact of one country on resource management in another country or area. Aspects of a shadow ecology include government aid and loans; corporate practices, investment, and technology transfers; and trade factors such as consumption, export and consumer prices, and import tariffs. In Shadows in the Forest, Dauvergne examines Japan's effect on commercial timber management in Indonesia, East Malaysia, and the Philippines. Japan's shadow ecology has stimulated unsustainable logging, which in turn has triggered widespread deforestation. Although Japanese practices have improved somewhat since the early 1990s, corporate trade structures and purchasing patterns, timber prices, wasteful consumption, import tariffs, and the cumulative environmental effects of past practices continue to undermine sustainable forest management in Southeast Asia. This book is the first to analyze the environmental impact of Japanese trade, corporations, and aid on timber management in the context of Southeast Asian political economies. It is also one of the first comprehensive studies of why Southeast Asian states are unable to enforce forest policies and regulations. In particular, it highlights links between state officials and business leaders that reduce state funds, distort policies, and protect illegal and unsustainable loggers. More broadly, the book is one of the first to examine the environmental impact of Northeast Asian development on Southeast Asian resource management and to analyze the indirect environmental impact of bilateral state relations on the management of one Southern resource.
HardcoverOut of Print ISBN: 9780262041607 320 pp. | 8.7 in x 6 in
PaperbackOut of Print ISBN: 9780262540872 320 pp. | 8.7 in x 6 in
With a thoroughness that is dazzling, Dauvergne has written the missing chapter in the tragedy of Southeast Asia's forest plunder. Link by link, Dauvergne constructs previously obscured chains—from the men with the chainsaws all the way back to Japan's rapacious appetite for timber and the private and public institutions feeding that appetite.
Associate Professor, International Development Program, American University; co-author Plundering Paradise: The Struggle for the environment in the Philippines
Large-scale timber harvests in Southeast Asia began in the 1950's in the Philippines amidst almost total ignorance of the complex ecology of tropical forests, an ignorance not at all dispelled by the time these harvesting practices spread southward into East Malaysia and Indonesia in the sixties and seventies. Dauvergne's book limns the Japanese role in this process, first as a near monopsonistic importer of logs, then as investor in extractive activities, and finally as major importer of plywood. The book shows that while all parties to tropical deforestation in the region have learned something from this checkered history, none, including Japanese corporations and government agencies, have learned very much.
Professor of Economics, Rice University
I am extremely enthusiastic about this book. It has significance in terms of developing the concepts of patron-client relations and shadow ecology as useful tools for analyzing a major new issue in international politics. It also contains a wealth of detailed information that will be immensely valuable to the researcher on global forest issues as well as Southeast Asian politics. No one else has taken on this broad set of topics with this depth and comprehensiveness. The research appears to me to be truly exhaustive, reflecting the author's research appears to me to be truly exhaustive, reflecting the author's research in the field as well as familiarity with the existing scholarly literature. For these reasons, I would judge it to be the authoritative scholarly work on the politics of tropical rainforests for a long time to come.
International Program Director, Environmental Energy Study Institute
Peter Dauvergne's remarkable book tells a grim tale about the ties that bind consumption-hungry industrial societies to far-off patronage relations in poorer countries - and how these ties have led to irreversible environmental degradation. While Japan remains one of the most heavily forested countries in the world, its actions have led to the disappearance of 80 percent of Philippine forests, with Indonesia and Malaysia not far behind. Shadows in the Forest demonstrates the power of social science to open new windows for us on how international society operates, on how, in this case, Japanese money has sustained a web of local state-society relations that has scarred the face of Southeast Asia.
Joel S. Migdal
Robert F. Philip Professor of International Studies, The Henry M. Jackson School of International Studies, University of Washington
... sets out a wealth of documented detail that shows how we should be super-sceptical of 'official' business statistics. This is one of the most illuminating tropical forestry books of the last decade.
- Winner, 1997 Harold and Margaret Sprout Award given by the International Studies Association (ISA).