Technoscience in History
The relationship of the current technosciences and the older engineering sciences, examined through the history of the “useful” sciences in Prussia.
Do today's technoscientific disciplines—including materials science, genetic engineering, nanotechnology, and robotics—signal a radical departure from traditional science? In Technoscience in History, Ursula Klein argues that these novel disciplines and projects repesenr not an “epochal break,” but part of a history that can be traced back to German “useful” sciences and beyond. Klein's account traces a deeper history of technoscience, mapping the relationship between today's cutting-edge disciplines and the development of the useful and technological sciences in Prussia from 1750 to 1850.
Klein shows that institutions that coupled natural-scientific and technological inquiry existed well before the twentieth century. Focusing on the science of mining, technical chemistry, the science of forestry, and the science of building (later known as civil engineering), she examines the emergence of practitioners who were recognized as men of science as well as inventive technologists—key figures that she calls “scientific-technological experts.”
Klein describes the Prussian state's recruitment of experts for technical projects and manufacturing, including land surveys, the apothecary trade, and porcelain production; state-directed mining, mining science, and mining academies; the history and epistemology of useful science; and the founding of Prussian scientific institutions in the nineteenth century, including the University of Berlin, the Academy of Building, the Technical Deputation, and the Industrial Institute.
Paperback$40.00 X | £32.00 ISBN: 9780262539296 336 pp. | 6 in x 9 in 24 figures
The term 'technoscience' may feel futuristic, but Ursula Klein's fascinating study shows that the phenomenon extends back centuries. She demonstrates in detail that mining, among other key fields, involved the kind of 'useful knowledge' that spurred modern science.
Michael D. Gordin
Rosengarten Professor of Modern and Contemporary History, Princeton University
Technoscience in History imaginatively explores the role of useful sciences in Prussia's knowledge economy. It recasts several canonical historical narratives: of industrialization, state expertise, and even Berlin University's founding. It adds incredible historical depth to Bruno Latour's Science in Action.
Associate Professor, George Washington University