Transit-Oriented Displacement or Community Dividends?
Understanding the Effects of Smarter Growth on Communities
An examination of the neighborhood transformation, gentrification, and displacement that accompany more compact development around transit.
Cities and regions throughout the world are encouraging smarter growth patterns and expanding their transit systems to accommodate this growth, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and satisfy new demands for mobility and accessibility. Yet despite a burgeoning literature and various policy interventions in recent decades, we still understand little about what happens to neighborhoods and residents with the development of transit systems and the trend toward more compact cities. Research has failed to determine why some neighborhoods change both physically and socially while others do not, and how race and class shape change in the twenty-first-century context of growing inequality.
Drawing on novel methodological approaches, this book sheds new light on the question of who benefits and who loses from more compact development around new transit stations. Building on data at multiple levels, it connects quantitative analysis on regional patterns with qualitative research through interviews, field observations, and photographic documentation in twelve different California neighborhoods. From the local to the regional to the global, Chapple and Loukaitou-Sideris examine the phenomena of neighborhood transformation, gentrification, and displacement not only through an empirical lens but also from theoretical and historical perspectives.
Growing out of an in-depth research process that involved close collaboration with dozens of community groups, the book aims to respond to the needs of both advocates and policymakers for ideas that work in the trenches.
The open access edition of this book was made possible by generous funding from the MIT Libraries.
Hardcover$100.00 X ISBN: 9780262039840 368 pp. | 6 in x 9 in 68 b&w illus.
Paperback$40.00 X ISBN: 9780262536851 368 pp. | 6 in x 9 in 68 b&w illus.
[T]his book is truly valuable and timely, given the centrality of transit-oriented development (and more broadly everything “smart”) to contemporary planning and policy practices worldwide. It is an excellent reference point for those aiming to sharpen their methodological toolkit in order to better understand structural and transit-induced inequities at work.
This is a work of careful scholarship, drawing on extensive literature reviews, field interviews, and statistical analysis to bring much-needed clarity to the debate around gentrification and displacement, showing how transit-oriented development has succeeded in some cities and failed in others, both politically and in practice. National and global examples make it a valuable resource for urbanists anywhere.
Chair, California Air Resources Board
Chock-full of supporting data and in-depth case reviews, this book's penetrating analysis of displacement and gentrification fills a long-standing gap in the transit-oriented development literature. Promising pathways for increasing affordable housing and advancing social justice around transit hubs are charted throughout the book.
Professor Emeritus, Department of City and Regional Planning, University of California, Berkeley
Chapple and Loukaitou-Sideris refuse to accept the inadequacies of past work on gentrification and displacement. In this superb, must-read book, these two exemplary urban scholars deepen our understanding of how both processes are playing out in supposedly smart cities, with implications for urbanists worldwide.
Professor of Human Geography, University of Leicester