Alexander T.J. Lennon

Alexander T. J. Lennon is the editor-in-chief of The Washington Quarterly, the flagship journal of the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS). He is also a fellow in the international security program at CSIS, and an adjunct professor in Georgetown University's Security Studies program. He is the editor of The Epicenter of Crisis: The New Middle East; Reshaping Rogue States (MIT Press, 2008): Preemption, Regime Change, and U.S. Policy Toward Iran, Iraq, and North Korea (MIT Press, 2004); The Battle for Hearts and Minds: Using Soft Power to Undermine Terrorist Networks (MIT Press, 2003), What Does the World Want from America? and Contemporary Nuclear Debates (MIT Press, both 2002), and the coeditor (with Michael T. Mazarr) of Toward a Nuclear Peace (St. Martin's Press, 1994).

  • Global Powers in the 21st Century

    Global Powers in the 21st Century

    Strategies and Relations

    Alexander T.J. Lennon and Amanda Kozlowski

    Experts analyze the changing perspectives and objectives of global powers China, Japan, Russia, India, and the European Union in a strategic landscape shaped by the Iraq War.

    Although the United States is considered the world's only superpower, other major powers seek to strengthen the roles they play on the global stage. Because of the Iraq War and its repercussions, many countries have placed an increased emphasis on multilateralism. This new desire for a multipolar world, however, may obscure the obvious question of what objectives other powerful countries seek. Few scholars and policymakers have addressed the role of the other major powers in a post-9/11 world. Global Powers in the 21st Century fills this gap, offering in-depth analyses of China, Japan, Russia, India, and the European Union in this new global context. Prominent analysts, including Zbigniew Brzezinski, C. Raja Mohan, David Shambaugh, Dmitri Trenin, Akio Watanabe, and Wu Xinbo, examine the policies and positions of these global players from both international and domestic perspectives. The book discusses each power's domestic politics, sources of power, post-9/11 changes, relationship with the United States, adjustments to globalization, and vision of its place in the world. Global Powers in the 21st Century offers readers a clear look at the handful of actors that will shape the world in the years ahead.

    Contributors Franco Algieri, Zbigniew Brzezinski, Yong Deng, Xenia Dormandy, Evan A. Feigenbaum, Michael J. Green, Robert E. Hunter, Edward J. Lincoln, Jeffrey Mankoff, C. Raja Mohan, Thomas G. Moore, Robin Niblett, George Perkovich, Gideon Rachman, Richard J. Samuels, Timothy M. Savage, Teresita C. Schaffer, David Shambaugh, Robert Sutter, Dmitri Trenin, Celeste A. Wallander, Akio Watanabe, Wu Xinbo

    • Paperback $9.75 £7.99
  • The Epicenter of Crisis

    The Epicenter of Crisis

    The New Middle East

    Alexander T.J. Lennon

    Analysis of the security challenges presented by six states in the crucible of post-9/11 geopolitical change: Saudi Arabia, Syria, Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, and Pakistan.

    The Epicenter of Crisis argues that six contiguous states epitomize the security challenges of a post-9/11, globalized, world: Saudi Arabia, Syria, Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, and Pakistan. Characterized by a dramatically transforming Islam, ethnic conflict, civil war, failed states, and terrorism, this “new Middle East” is the epicenter of what some call an arc of crisis, stretching from the Balkans into Southeast Asia. The Epicenter of Crisis examines this geopolitically dynamic region, analyzing the changing role of Islam in these six critical countries, the dangers posed by potential failed states, and the evolving terrorist threat.

    The contributors, all specialists in Middle East or foreign policy, address such crucial issues as the relationship between the Saudi royal family and Al Quaeda, Syria's waning influence over Hizbollah, media coverage of the war in Iraq, a new U.S. strategy for dealing with Iran, Afghanistan's opium industry, and the effectiveness of U.S. multi-billion-dollar assistance to Pakistan. The Epicenter of Crisis challenges readers to reconceptualize the boundaries of the Middle East in a changed world.

    Contributors John R. Bradley, Rachel Bronson, Daniel Byman, Derek Chollet, Craig Cohen, Larry Diamond, Emile El-Hokayem, Vanda Felbab-Brown, Brian Fishman, Graham E. Fuller, Husain Haqqani, Elliot Hen-Tov, Jorrit Kamminga, Nina Kamp, Alexander T. J. Lennon, Michael McFaul, Abbas Milani, C. Raja Mohan, Michael O'Hanlon, Gwenn Okruhlik, Carlos Pascual, Kenneth M. Pollack, Dennis Ross, Karim Sadjadpour, Ashley Tellis, Peter van Ham, Eyal Zisser

    • Paperback $30.00 £25.00
  • Reshaping Rogue States

    Reshaping Rogue States

    Preemption, Regime Change, and US Policy toward Iran, Iraq, and North Korea

    Alexander T.J. Lennon and Camille Eiss

    An analysis of the policies of preemption and regime change as well as an examination of US policy options for dealing with each country in the "axis of evil."

    In January 2002, President George W. Bush declared Iran, Iraq, and North Korea constituents of an "axis of evil." US strategy toward each of these countries has clearly varied since, yet similar issues and policy options have emerged for US relations with all three. Reshaping Rogue States seeks to improve our understanding of Iran, Iraq, and North Korea as well as of current and future policy options to combat the threats these nations pose. The book's comprehensive analysis of preemption and regime change debates the circumstances under which each policy might be justified or legal under international law. Prominent strategists and policymakers consider alternatives to preemption—including prevention, counterproliferation, and cooperative security—and draw conclusions from efforts to bring about regime change in the past. Reshaping Rogue States also reviews the differing policy challenges presented by each so-called axis member. Specifically, it considers how the United States might strike a balance with North Korea through multilateral negotiations; the changes within Iran that call for changes in US policy; and the dilemmas the United States faces in post-Saddam Iraq, including continuing insurgency, instability, and the feasibility of democracy.

    • Paperback $7.75 £5.99
  • The Battle for Hearts and Minds

    The Battle for Hearts and Minds

    Using Soft Power to Undermine Terrorist Networks

    Alexander T.J. Lennon

    Examining the potential of nonmilitary strategies to reduce terrorism, including postconflict reconstruction, public diplomacy, and foreign assistance.

    Although military operations have dominated media coverage of the war on terrorism, a much broader array of policy options may hold the key to reducing the appeal of global terrorist networks, particularly in economically destitute areas. These strategies involve the use of "soft power," a term first used by political scientist Joseph Nye in a 1990 article in Foreign Policy to describe nonmilitary strategies to shape international relations and behavior. The Battle for Hearts and Minds discusses four aspects of soft power.

    The first section of the book considers failed or failing states as havens for transnational terrorist networks, and examines the most effective ways to build stable nations in unstable regions, including focused looks at Afghanistan and Sierra Leone. The second section explores postconflict reconstruction, including in-depth examinations of security, justice and reconciliation, opportunities for achieving socioeconomic well-being, and increased participation in government. The third section examines public diplomacy, asking whether the United States needs new policies or simply a new image to increase its appeal in the Arab and Muslim world. The final section of the book looks at foreign assistance, and assesses the potential of the current administration's "Millennium Challenge Account" (or as one contributor puts it, "Compassionate Conservatism Meets Global Poverty") to combat poverty, increase democracy, and reduce the appeal of terror. The Battle for Hearts and Minds presents a balanced assessment of the role that nonmilitary options can play against transnational terrorist networks.

    • Paperback $6.75 £5.99
  • Contemporary Nuclear Debates

    Contemporary Nuclear Debates

    Missile Defenses, Arms Control, and Arms Races in the Twenty-First Century

    Alexander T.J. Lennon

    Discussions of key domestic and international aspects of missile defense, arms control, and arms races.

    The proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, in the hands of both states and terrorist networks, is considered by many to be the greatest threat to global security today. Contemporary Nuclear Debates discusses the key issues surrounding that threat.

    The book is divided into four parts. Part I, "US National Missile Defense: When and How?" presents an overview of the missile defense debate and examines the merits of different deployment systems, such as sea-based, space-based, and boost-phase. Part II, "Global Perceptions of Missile Defense," goes beyond the standard debate about the risks and benefits of missile defenses to examine the specific potential reactions of major countries, including China, India, Iran, Japan, and Russia. Part III, "Do Arms Races Matter Anymore?" asks which countries, if any, have the capability to conduct an arms race with the United States, whether any country would choose to do so, and what weapons a country might build in response to a US missile defense deployment. Part IV, "Is Arms Control Dead?" discusses the circumstances under which arms control is useful today, new principles upon which it can be based, and new visions for its future.

    • Paperback $40.00 £32.00
  • What Does the World Want from America?

    What Does the World Want from America?

    International Perspectives on US Foreign Policy

    Alexander T.J. Lennon

    International perspectives on how the United States should wield its power as the world's sole superpower.

    The United States is the only superpower in the world today. Although the media are filled with prescriptions for how Washington might best wield its power, rarely are other countries asked what role they would like the United States to play.

    In What Does the World Want from America?, writers from twelve countries or regions (Brazil, China, the European Union, France, Germany, India, Iran, Israel, Japan, Russia, Singapore, and South Africa) answer the question, "In an ideal world, what role would you want the United States to perform with your country and region?" Four analysts from the United States then respond, addressing the extent to which overseas opinion should be incorporated into the formulation and conduct of United States foreign policy and recommending what the United States should attempt to do in the world, particularly after the horrific attacks of September 11. What Does the World Want from America? serves as a starting point for analysis of the US role in the world and the ends to which US power might be used.

    • Paperback $25.00 £20.00

Contributor

  • New Forces in the World Economy

    New Forces in the World Economy

    Brad Roberts

    Two factors have brought the world economy to the center of the international political arena: first, the end of the Cold War and the increasing importance of economic factors relative to strategic ones in the foreign policies of the major powers; and, second, the emergence of a rapidly expanding and genuinely global economy that is defined not only by trade but also by investment and the diffusion of advanced technologies and expertise. This collection of 24 articles from The Washington Quarterly examines the features of the new world economic order, beginning with a review of the changing structure of the world economy (including articles on trade, investment, finance, and competitiveness), then turning to a review of the policy debate (with articles on major international institutions, prominent bilateral relationships, and the role of the private sector).

    Contributors Kenneth Berlin, Richard E. Bissell, Delia M. Boylan, Daniel F. Burton, Hernando de Soto, Thomas J. Duesterberg, Richard E. Feinberg, James R. Golden, Maurice R. Greenberg, Penelope Hartland- Thunberg, Ryuzaburo Kaku, Ethan B. Kapstein, Amy Kaslow, Joseph LaPalombara, Jeffrey M. Lang, Derek Leebaert, Erik R. Peterson, Ernest H. Preeg, Donald R. Sherk, W. R. Smyser, John D. Sullivan, Heizo Takenaka, Raymond Vernon, Murray Weidenbaum, John Yochelson.

    A Washington Quarterly Reader

    • Paperback $35.00 £28.00
  • Order and Disorder after the Cold War

    Order and Disorder after the Cold War

    Brad Roberts

    With the end of the Cold War, pundits have made a fetish first of the new world order and then of the new world disorder. Order and Disorder after the Cold War brings together 24 articles from The Washington Quarterly, where some of the most important milestones in these debates have been published. It probes beyond the headlines and the rhetoric to weigh the sources of order and disorder in the post-Cold War era. It first evaluates the changing roles of the major powers, then turns to new political and military challenges to international order, and finally addresses the emerging debate between geopolitics and geoeconomics. A speculative assessment of the emerging world order concludes this timely collection.

    • Paperback $35.00 £28.00
  • Weapons Proliferation in the 1990s

    Weapons Proliferation in the 1990s

    Brad Roberts

    The proliferation of weapons of mass destruction has emerged as a major topic of international security in the post-Cold War world. This compendium of articles, published in The Washington Quarterly between 1991 and 1995, describes the changing nature of the problem, dissusses new trends in nonproliferation and counterproliferation policy, identifies new arms control challenges at the regional and global levels, and concludes by addressing the global politics of proliferation.

    • Paperback $40.00 £32.00
  • U.S. Security in an Uncertain Era

    U.S. Security in an Uncertain Era

    Brad Roberts

    essays collected from issues of the Washington Quarterly focus on important questions posed by the end of the Cold War, a changed Soviet Union, changing alliances, regional instabilities, and new security challenges

    These essays collected from recent issues of the Washington Quarterly focus on important questions posed by the end of the Cold War, a changed Soviet Union, changing alliances, regional instabilities, and new security challenges. The twenty-eight chapters are divided into sections that cover U.S. security in the 1990s, peacetime defense policy, security in Europe, international security, and proliferation and arms control.

    Brad Roberts is a Research Fellow in International Security Studies at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington, D.C.

    • Hardcover $55.00 £45.00
    • Paperback $40.00 £32.00
  • U.S. Foreign Policy after the Cold War

    U.S. Foreign Policy after the Cold War

    Brad Roberts

    This timely reader focuses on the broad foreign policy agenda that is emerging in the 1990s. Traditional as well as new policy issues are considered in light of the recent and far-reaching changes that are occurring abroad. The 23 articles selected from The Washington Quarterly address such important concerns as the United States in a new era, transformed alliances, regional policies, updated policy instruments, a more complex agenda, and the question of U.S. leadership. Brad Roberts is a Research Fellow in International Security Studies at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington, D.C.

    Contents Starting at Zero: U.S. Foreign Policy for the 1990s, Robert Hunter • The Crisis of Leninism and the U.S. Response, Robert Scalapino • The Emerging European Security Order, Hans Binnendijk • Germany, Japan, and the False Glare of War, Dan Hamilton and James Clad • The Japan-U.S. Bilateral Relationship: Its Role in the Global Economy, Raymond Vernon • East Central Europe: Democracy in Retreat? Jan Zielonka • Who Killed the Third World? Richard Bissell • Regional Order in the 1990s: Challenge of the Middle East, Richard Haass • Southern Asia After the Cold War, Rodney Jones • In Search of a Latin America Policy, William Perry • After the Cold War: U.S. Interests in SubSaharan Africa, David Newsom • Can Arms Control Survive Peace? James Goodby • U.S. Intelligence in an Age of Uncertainty, Paula Scalingi • Foreign Aid for a New World Order, John Sewell • Public Diplomacy in the Post-Cold War Era, Paul Blackburn • The Security Challenges of Global Environmental Change, Ian Rowland The Future of the International Trading System, Peter Ludlow • The Geopolitical Implications of a Global Capital Shortage, Penelope HartlandThurberg • Global Demographic Trends into the Year 2010, Gregory D. Foster • Democracy, Conflict, and Development in the Third World, Robert L. Rothstein • Democracy and World Order, Brad Roberts • The Quest for Bipartisanship: A New Beginning for a New World Order, Jay Winik • Congress and Foreign Policy, Robert Pastor • Morality and Foreign Policy in America's Third Century, George Weigel • The Comeback of Liberal Internationalism, Richard N. Gardner

    • Hardcover
    • Paperback $45.00 £38.00