George A. Miller

  • The Genesis of Language

    A Psycholinguistic Approach

    Frank Smith and George A. Miller

    This is the first publication to bring together formal aspects and practical implications of powerful modern concepts of linguistic theory. It presents a unique confrontation between the views of theorists making dramatic advances at the frontier of the rapidly developing study of formal linguistics and the views of psychologists interested in the language development of children, educators concerned with teaching deaf children to speak, and engineers striving to perfect mechanical devices for the production or processing of acoustic patterns of speech. Also relevant and represented in this volume are the views of the comparative psychologist, the ethnologist, and the geneticist analyzing the functions and processes of animal communication systems and their evolutionary relationship to human speech. Of special interest are the response of experts in applied fields to new theoretic views which may have revolutionary effects on the traditional approaches to their subjects.

    After an introductory overview by the editors, David McNeill provides a comprehensive outline of current linguistic theory and uses it to interpret recent empirical studies of language acquisition in children. Dan I. Slobin considers some opposing points of view and contributes evidence from important Russian work in the psychology and teaching of language (including in an appendix the first English-language abstracts of a wide range of recent Russian studies). Jerry A. Fodor discusses strategic issues involved in reaching for a solution to complex theoretical problems of syntax learning.

    Ruth H. Weir, author of Language in the Crib, makes further observations of the private verbal activity of the language-learning child, and D. B. Fry outlines the normal development of the child's phonological system. Like Fry, Ira J. Hirsh gives special attention to the critical effect of reduced exposure to normal speech during the early years of children with severe hearing loss. Mildred C. Templin outlines an extensive longitudinal and cross-sectional study comprehending many aspects pf a child's language development.

    Eric H. Lenneberg, Richard A. Chase, and Hans Kalmus present papers on general aspects of communication systems and their biological and evolutionary foundations. David Premack discusses a project he is undertaking with linguistic Arthur Schhwartz to see if chimpanzee can demonstrate any facility for syntax. Finally, some general reflections are provided by James J. Jenkins.

    • Hardcover $12.50
    • Paperback $20.00

Contributor

  • WordNet

    WordNet

    An Electronic Lexical Database

    Christiane Fellbaum

    WordNet is an on-line lexical reference system whose design isinspired by current psycholinguistic theories of human lexical memory;version 1.6 is the most up-to-date version of the system.

    WordNet, an electronic lexical database, is considered to be the most important resource available to researchers in computational linguistics, text analysis, and many related areas. Its design is inspired by current psycholinguistic and computational theories of human lexical memory. English nouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs are organized into synonym sets, each representing one underlying lexicalized concept. Different relations link the synonym sets.The purpose of this volume is twofold. First, it discusses the design of WordNet and the theoretical motivations behind it. Second, it provides a survey of representative applications, including word sense identification, information retrieval, selectional preferences of verbs, and lexical chains.

    Contributors Reem Al-Halimi, Robert C. Berwick, J. F. M. Burg, Martin Chodorow, Christiane Fellbaum, Joachim Grabowski, Sanda Harabagiu, Marti A. Hearst, Graeme Hirst, Douglas A. Jones, Rick Kazman, Karen T. Kohl, Shari Landes, Claudia Leacock, George A. Miller, Katherine J. Miller, Dan Moldovan, Naoyuki Nomura, Uta Priss, Philip Resnik, David St-Onge, Randee Tengi, Reind P. van de Riet, Ellen Voorhees

    • Hardcover $15.75 £12.99
    • CD-ROM $42.00 £35.00
  • The Psycho-Biology of Language

    An Introdution to Dynamic Philology

    George K. Zipf

    An investigation of speech as a form of behavior, examined in the manner of the exact sciences by the direct application of statistical principles to the objective speech-phenomena.

    The findings of an extensive investigation of the stream of speech which is viewed as but a series of communicative gestures, presented in such a manner that they will be readily available not only to the professional linguist, but to any serious reader interested in linguistic phenomena. The author provides evidence for example, that the length of a word, far from being a random matter, is closely related to the frequency of its usage—the greater the frequency, the shorter the word. It can furthermore be shown that either from speech-sounds, or from roots and affixes, or from words or phrases, that the more complex any speech-element is phonetically, the less frequently it occurs.All the author's evidence points quite conclusively to the existence of a fundamental condition of equilibrium between the form and function of speech-habits, or speech-patterns in any language.

    • Hardcover
    • Paperback $45.00 £38.00