Les Gasser

  • Simulating Organizations

    Simulating Organizations

    Computational Models of Institutions and Groups

    Michael Prietula, Kathleen Carley, and Les Gasser

    The globalization of the economy, increasing number of transnational organizations, and rapid changes in robotics, information, and telecommunication technologies are just a few of the factors significantly altering organizational time scales, forms, complexity, and environments. Time scales have shrunk, new organizational forms are emerging, and organizational environments are expanding and mutating at unprecedented rates. Computational modeling affords opportunities to both understand and respond to these complex changes.Paralleling developments in the physical sciences, computational modeling is emerging in the social and organizational sciences. Organizational researchers are using computational models to gain insights into organizational phenomena and to explore dynamic processes and configurations that are difficult or impossible to investigate with other methods. Many interesting insights have already resulted from this research, such as how group cooperation arises or dissipates in social dilemma settings, and how honesty and benevolence affect behavior in a group task. On the practical side, computational modeling is increasingly effective for organizational design, analysis, and reengineering.Although a great deal of work remains to be done, the era is approaching when both theorists and practitioners will routinely state theories, design organizations, and derive their implications using widely shared computational tools. This volume brings together a range of work from many of the leading researchers in the field.

    Contributors Mihai Barbuceanu, Richard Burton, Kathleen Carley, Keith Decker, Edmund Durfee, Mark S. Fox, Natalie Glance, Michael Gruninger, Bernardo Huberman, MinCheol Kang, David Kaplan, Zhiang Lin, Michael Prietula, Kent Sandoe, Walt Scacchi, Young-pa So, William Wallace, Laurie Weissel

    • Paperback $11.75 £9.99
  • Proceedings of the First International Conference on Multiagent Systems

    Proceedings of the First International Conference on Multiagent Systems

    Les Gasser and Victor Lesser

    June 12-14, 1995, San Francisco

    The first international conference on multiagent systems is organized as a joint effort of the North American Distributed Artificial Intelligence community, the Japanese Multiagent and Cooperative Computing community, and the European Modeling Autonomous Agents in a Multiagent World community, with support from AAAI and sanctioned by ECCAI. The Proceedings cover a broad spectrum of perspectives including artificial life, communications issues, and negotiation strategies.

    Topics cover: • Agent Architectures • Artificial Life (from a multiagent perspective) • Believable Agents • Cooperation, Coordination, and Conflict • Communcation Issues • Conceptual and Theoretical Foundations of Multiagent Systems • Development and Engineering Methodologies • Distributed Artificial Intelligence • Distributed Consensus and Algorithms for Multiagent Interaction • Distributed Search • Evaluation of Multiagent Systems • Integrated Testbeds and Development Environments • Intelligent Agents in Enterprise Integration Systems and Similar Types of Applications • Learning and Adaptation in Multiagent Systems • Multiagent Cooperative Reasoning from Distributed Heterogeneous Databases • Multiagent Planning and Planning for Multiagent Worlds • Negotiation Strategies (in both competitive and cooperative situations) • Organization, Organizational Knowledge, and Organization Self-Design • Practical Applications of Multiagent Systems (enterprises, robotics, sensing, manufacturing) • Resource Allocation in Multiagent Systems • Social Structures and their Signfiicance in Multiagent Systems • User Interface Issues for Multiagent Systems.

    Distributed for AAAI Press

    • Paperback $18.75 £14.99


  • Boundary Objects and Beyond

    Boundary Objects and Beyond

    Working with Leigh Star

    Geoffrey C. Bowker, Stefan Timmermans, Adele E. Clarke, and Ellen Balka

    The multifaceted work of the late Susan Leigh Star is explored through a selection of her writings and essays by friends and colleagues.

    Susan Leigh Star (1954–2010) was one of the most influential science studies scholars of the last several decades. In her work, Star highlighted the messy practices of discovering science, asking hard questions about the marginalizing as well as the liberating powers of science and technology. In the landmark work Sorting Things Out, Star and Geoffrey Bowker revealed the social and ethical histories that are deeply embedded in classification systems. Star's most celebrated concept was the notion of boundary objects: representational forms—things or theories—that can be shared between different communities, with each holding its own understanding of the representation.

    Unfortunately, Leigh was unable to complete a work on the poetics of infrastructure that further developed the full range of her work. This volume collects articles by Star that set out some of her thinking on boundary objects, marginality, and infrastructure, together with essays by friends and colleagues from a range of disciplines—from philosophy of science to organization science—that testify to the wide-ranging influence of Star's work.

    Contributors Ellen Balka, Eevi E. Beck, Dick Boland, Geoffrey C. Bowker, Janet Ceja Alcalá, Adele E. Clarke, Les Gasser, James R. Griesemer, Gail Hornstein, John Leslie King, Cheris Kramarae, Maria Puig de la Bellacasa, Karen Ruhleder, Kjeld Schmidt, Brian Cantwell Smith, Susan Leigh Star, Anselm L. Strauss, Jane Summerton, Stefan Timmermans, Helen Verran, Nina Wakeford, Jutta Weber

    • Hardcover $85.00 £70.00
    • Paperback $40.00 £32.00