Mark L. Johnson

Mark L. Johnson is Professor Emeritus of Philosophy at the University of Oregon. He is a developer of embodied cognition theory, focusing on the philosophical implications of human embodiment for meaning, conceptualization, reasoning, values, and knowing. He has written multiple books on cognitive science and embodiment, including most recently Out of the Cave: A Natural Philosophy of Mind and Knowing (MIT Press, 2021).

  • Out of the Cave

    Out of the Cave

    A Natural Philosophy of Mind and Knowing

    Mark L. Johnson and Don M. Tucker

    From a philosopher and a neuropsychologist, a radical rethinking of certain traditional views about human cognition and behavior.

    Plato's Allegory of the Cave trapped us in the illusion that mind is separate from body and from the natural and physical world. Knowledge had to be eternal and absolute. Recent scientific advances, however, show that our bodies shape mind, thought, and language in a deep and pervasive way. In Out of the Cave, Mark Johnson and Don Tucker—a philosopher and a neuropsychologist—propose a radical rethinking of certain traditional views about human cognition and behavior. They argue for a theory of knowing as embodied, embedded, enactive, and emotionally based. Knowing is an ongoing process—shaped by our deepest biological and cultural values.

    Johnson and Tucker describe a natural philosophy of mind that is emerging through the convergence of biology, psychology, computer science, and philosophy, and they explain recent research showing that all of our higher-level cognitive activities are rooted in our bodies through processes of perception, motive control of action, and feeling. This developing natural philosophy of mind offers a psychological, philosophical, and neuroscientific account that is at once scientifically valid and subjectively meaningful—allowing us to know both ourselves and the world.

    • Hardcover $45.00


  • Mind in Architecture

    Mind in Architecture

    Neuroscience, Embodiment, and the Future of Design

    Sarah Robinson and Juhani Pallasmaa

    Leading neuroscientists and architects explore how the built environment affects our behavior, thoughts, emotions, and well-being.

    Although we spend more than ninety percent of our lives inside buildings, we understand very little about how the built environment affects our behavior, thoughts, emotions, and well-being. We are biological beings whose senses and neural systems have developed over millions of years; it stands to reason that research in the life sciences, particularly neuroscience, can offer compelling insights into the ways our buildings shape our interactions with the world. This expanded understanding can help architects design buildings that support both mind and body. In Mind in Architecture, leading thinkers from architecture and other disciplines, including neuroscience, cognitive science, psychiatry, and philosophy, explore what architecture and neuroscience can learn from each other. They offer historical context, examine the implications for current architectural practice and education, and imagine a neuroscientifically informed architecture of the future.

    Architecture is late in discovering the richness of neuroscientific research. As scientists were finding evidence for the bodily basis of mind and meaning, architecture was caught up in convoluted cerebral games that denied emotional and bodily reality altogether. This volume maps the extraordinary opportunity that engagement with cutting-edge neuroscience offers present-day architects.

    ContributorsThomas D. Albright, Michael Arbib, John Paul Eberhard, Melissa Farling, Vittorio Gallese, Alessandro Gattara, Mark L. Johnson, Harry Francis Mallgrave, Iain McGilchrist, Juhani Pallasmaa, Alberto Pérez-Gómez, Sarah Robinson

    • Hardcover $35.95
    • Paperback $39.95