Michael S. Lewicki

Michael S. Lewicki is Assistant Professor in the Department of Computer Science and the Center for the Neural Basis of Cognition at Carnegie Mellon University.

  • Probabilistic Models of the Brain

    Probabilistic Models of the Brain

    Perception and Neural Function

    Rajesh P.N. Rao, Bruno A. Olshausen, and Michael S. Lewicki

    A survey of probabilistic approaches to modeling and understanding brain function.

    Neurophysiological, neuroanatomical, and brain imaging studies have helped to shed light on how the brain transforms raw sensory information into a form that is useful for goal-directed behavior. A fundamental question that is seldom addressed by these studies, however, is why the brain uses the types of representations it does and what evolutionary advantage, if any, these representations confer. It is difficult to address such questions directly via animal experiments. A promising alternative is to use probabilistic principles such as maximum likelihood and Bayesian inference to derive models of brain function.

    This book surveys some of the current probabilistic approaches to modeling and understanding brain function. Although most of the examples focus on vision, many of the models and techniques are applicable to other modalities as well. The book presents top-down computational models as well as bottom-up neurally motivated models of brain function. The topics covered include Bayesian and information-theoretic models of perception, probabilistic theories of neural coding and spike timing, computational models of lateral and cortico-cortical feedback connections, and the development of receptive field properties from natural signals.

    • Hardcover $58.00 £48.00
    • Paperback $25.00 £20.00

Contributor

  • The New Visual Neurosciences

    The New Visual Neurosciences

    John S. Werner and Leo M. Chalupa

    A comprehensive review of contemporary research in the vision sciences, reflecting the rapid advances of recent years.

    Visual science is the model system for neuroscience, its findings relevant to all other areas. This essential reference to contemporary visual neuroscience covers the extraordinary range of the field today, from molecules and cell assemblies to systems and therapies. It provides a state-of-the art companion to the earlier book The Visual Neurosciences (MIT Press, 2003). This volume covers the dramatic advances made in the last decade, offering new topics, new authors, and new chapters.

    The New Visual Neurosciences assembles groundbreaking research, written by international authorities. Many of the 112 chapters treat seminal topics not included in the earlier book. These new topics include retinal feature detection; cortical connectomics; new approaches to mid-level vision and spatiotemporal perception; the latest understanding of how multimodal integration contributes to visual perception; new theoretical work on the role of neural oscillations in information processing; and new molecular and genetic techniques for understanding visual system development. An entirely new section covers invertebrate vision, reflecting the importance of this research in understanding fundamental principles of visual processing. Another new section treats translational visual neuroscience, covering recent progress in novel treatment modalities for optic nerve disorders, macular degeneration, and retinal cell replacement. The New Visual Neurosciences is an indispensable reference for students, teachers, researchers, clinicians, and anyone interested in contemporary neuroscience.

    Associate Editors Marie Burns, Joy Geng, Mark Goldman, James Handa, Andrew Ishida, George R. Mangun, Kimberley McAllister, Bruno Olshausen, Gregg Recanzone, Mandyam Srinivasan, W.Martin Usrey, Michael Webster, David Whitney

    Sections Retinal Mechanisms and ProcessesOrganization of Visual PathwaysSubcortical ProcessingProcessing in Primary Visual CortexBrightness and ColorPattern, Surface, and ShapeObjects and ScenesTime, Motion, and DepthEye MovementsCortical Mechanisms of Attention, Cognition, and Multimodal IntegrationInvertebrate VisionTheoretical PerspectivesMolecular and Developmental ProcessesTranslational Visual Neuroscience

    • Hardcover $275.00 £225.00