Nevin S. Scrimshaw

Nevin Scrimshaw was Institute Professor Emeritus at MIT. Scrimshaw was the recipient of the 1991 World Food Prize and was the founder of MIT's former Department of Nutrition and Food Science.

  • Nutrition, National Development, and Planning

    Nutrition, National Development, and Planning

    Proceedings of an International Conference

    Alan Berg, Nevin S. Scrimshaw, and David L. Call

    An exploration of the place of large-scale nutrition programs in planning for national development, particularly in the developing countries and among low-income groups.

    This book reports the proceedings of the International Conference on Nutrition, National Development, and Planning (1971), the purpose of which was to explore the place of large-scale nutrition programs in planning for national development, particularly in the developing countries and among low-income groups. The participants included nutritionists, economists, development planners, and national and international administrators, including nearly a hundred from Third-World areas. Discussions focused on two main issues—problems of nutrition as they affect both the individual and the nation, leading to a consideration of the most feasible means of alleviating these problems, and the integration of nutrition planning into an overall national development program in nations with limited economic resources. Another important purpose of the conference was to bring nutritionists and development specialists into dialogue, to share information on mutual tasks, and to search for ways to jointly advance the goal of national development through improving the nutritional and health status of a nation's population—not simply on humanitarian grounds but for pragmatic economic reasons as well.

    • Hardcover $17.50
    • Paperback $45.00
  • Amino Acid Fortification of Protein Foods

    Nevin S. Scrimshaw and Aaron M. Altschul

    Protein shortage in the nonindustrialized countries is a serious threat to the health and well-being of much of the world's population. Rice, corn, wheat, and legumes do not supply enough protein to meet human requirements, especially those of preschool children, pregnant and nursing mothers, and adults doing heavy work. It is critically important to find ways of increasing the world food supply and of raising the quality of protein in the basic diets of populous developing countries.

    This book addresses itself to the many-faceted nature of the protein problem and focuses on the potential usefulness of amino acid fortification as one step toward its solution. It is based on the first international symposium to be held on amino acid fortification of protein foods – organized by the M.I.T. Department of Nutrition and Food Science for The Joint Malnutrition Panels of the United States-Japan Cooperative Medical Science Program. The many contributions are from leading medical nutritionists, agriculturalists, economists, food scientists and chemists from the Far, Near, and Middle East, Latin America, Europe, and the United States.

    The book's first two parts discuss the background of the world protein problem and describe alternate ways in which future protein needs might be met. Part Three reviews the evidence from experimental studies with laboratory and farm animals and from studies of man that deficient proteins can be improved by selective fortification with synthetic essential amino acids. Chapters in Part Four consider the difficulties of – and attempt to find guidelines for – evaluating the effectiveness of nutrition intervention measures in human populations. Part Five deals with the world status of the micro-biological and chemical synthesis of essential amino acids, while considering also the technical feasibility and commercial aspects of their use in fortifying foods. Alternate strategies for meeting the protein needs of individual countries are considered in Part Six. The final section contains a statement by the United Nations Protein Advisory Group which summarizes current knowledge of the effectiveness of amino acid fortification and provides specific guidelines for evaluating its practical use.

    • Hardcover $55.00
  • Malnutrition, Learning, and Behavior

    Nevin S. Scrimshaw and John E. Gordon

    Malnutrition is a fact of existence for two thirds of the world's children. Retardation of physical growth and development due to protein deficiency is a nutritional disorder of massive proportions, clearly recognized in underdeveloped countries as well as within the urban slums and rural poverty areas of industrialized nations. And while the world population is growing at rates greater than in any other epoch, there is no equivalent absolute increase in food supply.

    It was to confront these facts that an exciting and timely Conference on Malnutrition held recently at M.I.T. brought together leaders in the fields of pediatrics, the biological sciences, genetics, sociology, anthropology, psychology, and nutrition from 37 countries explore and discuss the implications of early malnutrition the growth and development and for the learning and behavior of the young child. Principal objectives of the Conference were to review and evaluate the best information available from laboratory, clinic, and field; to outline the conditions for more definitive epidemiological and clinical studies in man; to bring to active and potential research workers an understanding of the necessity for a multi-disciplinary approach to the problem; and to facilitate efforts to obtain a wide base of support for the costly research required.

    Laboratory studies with experimental animals over a long period have proved beyond doubt that severe malnutrition and especially protein deficiency early in life not only stunt physical growth but affect central nervous system development as well.

    This book emphasizes that work begun in the laboratory with animals must be verified by field studies in human populations, and raises such questions as: What is proper population sample? What age groups should be studied, and for how long? What tests are suitable for estimating the intelligence of children of different ages in different cultures? What are adequate controls, and how can the tests be interpreted accurately? While it does not contain answers to all of these questions, the book does indicate how to obtain most of them, and establishes as fundamental the need for better methods to be used in identifying the nutritional status of children at an age when it is particularly difficult to apply scientific controls.

    • Hardcover $17.00