Skip navigation

Frédéric Bouchard

Frédéric Bouchard is Associate Professor in the Philosophy Department at the Université de Montréal. Bouchard and Huneman (with other colleagues) founded the Consortium for the History and Philosophy of Biology.

Titles by This Editor

Evolution and Emerging Individuality

Our intuitive assumption that only organisms are the real individuals in the natural world is at odds with developments in cell biology, ecology, genetics, evolutionary biology, and other fields. Although organisms have served for centuries as nature’s paradigmatic individuals, science suggests that organisms are only one of the many ways in which the natural world could be organized. When living beings work together—as in ant colonies, beehives, and bacteria-metazoan symbiosis—new collective individuals can emerge.