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Surveillance or Security?
Digital communications are the lifeblood of modern society. We “meet up” online, tweet our reactions millions of times a day, connect through social networking rather than in person. Large portions of business and commerce have moved to the Web, and much of our critical infrastructure, including the electric power grid, is controlled online. This reliance on information systems leaves us highly exposed and vulnerable to cyberattack. Despite this, U.S. law enforcement and national security policy remain firmly focused on wiretapping and surveillance. But, as cybersecurity expert Susan Landau argues in Surveillance or Security?, the old surveillance paradigms do not easily fit the new technologies. By embedding eavesdropping mechanisms into communication technology itself, we are building tools that could be turned against us and opting for short-term security and creating dangerous long-term risks.
How can we get communications security right? Landau offers a set of principles to govern wiretapping policy that will allow us to protect our national security as well as our freedom.
About the Author
Susan Landau is a privacy analyst at Google. She was previously a Distinguished Engineer at Sun Microsystems, and has been a faculty member at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst and at Wesleyan University. Landau has been a Guggenheim fellow, a fellow at the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, and is a fellow of the American Association for the advancement of Science and the Association for Computing Machinery.
Table of Contents
- Surveillance or Security?
- Surveillance or Security?
- The Risks Posed by New Wiretapping Technologies
- Susan Landau
- The MIT Press
- Cambridge, Massachusetts
- London, England
- © 2010
- Massachusetts Institute of Technology
- All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced in any form by any electronic or mechanical means (including photocopying, recording, or information storage and retrieval) without permission in writing from the publisher.
- For information about special quantity discounts, please email special_sales@mitpress .mit.edu
- This book was set in Stone Sans and Stone Serif by Toppan Best-set Premedia Limited. Printed and bound in the United States of America.
- Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
- Landau, Susan Eva.
- Surveillance or security? : the risks posed by new wiretapping technologies / Susan Landau.
- p. cm.
- Includes bibliographical references and index.
- ISBN 978-0-262-01530-1 (hardcover : alk. paper) 1. Telecommunication—Security measures—United States. 2. Wiretapping—United States. 3. Data encryption (Computer science)—Government policy—United States. 4. Electronic surveillance—Political aspects—United States. 5. Computer crimes—Risk assessment—United States. I. Title.
- TK5102.85.L36 2011
- 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
- This book is dedicated to Daniel, Emmy, and Ellie.
- Author’s Note ix
- Preface xi
- Acknowledgments xv
- 1 Introduction 1
- 2 Communication Networks and Their Architectures 13
- 3 Securing the Internet Is Difficult 37
- 4 Wiretaps and the Law 65
- 5 The Effectiveness of Wiretapping 97
- 6 Evolving Communications Technologies 123
- 7 Who Are the Intruders? What Are They Targeting? 145
- 8 Security Risks Arising from Wiretapping Technology 175
- 9 Policy Risks Arising from Wiretapping 203
- 10 Communication during Crises 225
- 11 Getting Communications Security Right 233
- Epilogue 255
- Notes 257
- Bibliography 339
- Index 345
—Suzanne E. Spaulding, Bingham McCutchen, LLP; former Assistant General Counsel, C.I.A.; former Executive Director, National Commission on Terrorism
—Ross J. Anderson, Professor of Security Engineering, University of Cambridge
—Jonathan Zittrain, Professor of Law and Professor of Computer Science, Harvard University; author, The Future of the Internet—And How to Stop It
2012 Surveillance Studies Book Prize, given by the Surveillance Studies Network