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First published July 1 2016

Protocells: what we have learned about minimal life and evolvability

Steen Rasmussen, Adi Constantinescu, and Carsten Svaneborg

Abstract (Excerpt)

In the paper we review lessons learned about two major evolutionary transition from a bottom up construction of protocells. We use a particular systemic protocell design process as a starting point for exploring two fundamental questions: (1) how may minimal living systems emerge from nonliving materials? - and (2) how may minimal living systems support open-ended evolutionary richness?