First published July 1 2016
The Limits of Decidable States on Open-Ended Evolution and Emergence
Santiago Hernndez-Orozco, Francisco Hernndez-Quiroz, and Hector Zenil
Using algorithmic complexity theory methods, we propose a robust computational definitions for open-ended evolution (OEE) and adaptability of computable dynamical systems. With this framework, we show that decidability imposes absolute limits to the growth of complexity on computable dynamical systems up to a logarithm of a logarithmic term. Conversely, systems that exhibit open-ended evolution must be undecidable and have irreducible behaviour through the evolution of the system. Complexity is assessed in terms of three measures: sophistication, coarse sophistication and busy beaver logical depth.