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Pages 864-871
First published 2 September 2013

An immune network approach for self-adaptive ensembles of autonomic components: a case study in swarm robotics

Nicola Capodieci, Emma Hart, Giacomo Cabri


We describe an immune inspired approach to achieve self-expression within an ensemble, i.e. enabling an ensemble of autonomic components to dynamically change their coordination pattern during the runtime execution of a given task. Building on previous work using idiotypic networks, we consider robotic swarms in which each robot has a lymph node containing a set of antibodies describing conditions under which different coordination patterns can be applied. Antibodies are shared between robots that come into communication range facilitating collaboration. Tests in simulation in robotic arenas of varying complexity show that the swarm is able to learn suitable patterns and effectively achieve a foraging task, particularly in arenas of high complexity.