First published 20 July 2015
Task Dynamics & the (Ecological) Information They Create
Andrew D Wilson and Sabrina Golonka
Embodied cognition is the hypothesis that behavior is not simply caused by the brain. Instead, behavior emerges from the interactions between brains in particular kinds of bodies embedded in environments that provide certain kinds of opportunities for activity. Theories of embodied cognition require a mechanism to support how these distributed resources can remain in contact with one another so that they can be assembled into task-specific solutions to problems. These theories of embodied cognition, especially the non-representational kinds, typically rely on James J. Gibson’s (1979) notion of ecological information as the relevant mechanism, and there is extensive empirical support for the claim that this information both exists and is used by organisms to coordinate and control their activity.