The integrity of the knowledge creation enterprise – and, with it, our future – depends on how effectively we can combat the spread of misinformation and democratize access to trustworthy, verifiable sources of information to stimulate progress in all areas of human activity. Open access to research information is of fundamental importance in this democratization effort, as is the commitment on the part of research and publishing communities to peer review and other methods of promoting the trustworthiness and reproducibility of research outputs. At the same time, we must devise smarter, more fool-proof ways of filtering for truth and discerning the provenance of the information we consume.
The MIT Knowledge Futures Group (KFG) is a new joint initiative of the MIT Press and the MIT Media Lab and is supported by generous funding from Reid Hoffman, co-founder of LinkedIn and a member of the MIT Media Lab’s Advisory Council. The KFG’s mission is to transform research publishing from a closed, sequential process, into an open, community-driven one, by incubating and deploying open source technologies to support both rapid, open dissemination and a shared ecosystem for information review, provenance, and verification. The partnership is the first of its kind between an established publisher and a world-class academic lab devoted to the design of future-facing technologies.
In order for mission driven publishers to flourish into the future, it is imperative that we establish our own innovation pathways. At the same time, universities must assert greater ownership and influence over the ecosystems for sharing and verifying knowledge given how critical it is to their core mission. The development of open source alternatives to the stranglehold that a small handful of commercial entities now maintain on not only the markets for information, but also on reputation systems, publishing technologies, and digital innovation will be of clear benefit to the research community and the reading public alike.
The KFG serves as a test kitchen, incubator, and a staging platform for the development and launch of open source publishing technologies and aligned open access publications, staffed jointly by the Press and the Media Lab. The open source approach not only reduces the precarious dependency that most non-profit academic publishers have on costly outsourced technologies and a limited network of commercial vendors, but also provides a foundation for greater insourced experimentation and innovation. We now seek funding partners to help us grow our capacity over the next two to three years, as we develop the cost-recovery models that will ultimately make the KFG self-sustaining.
The MIT Press and the Media Lab have a long history of collaboration, beginning with renowned designer Muriel Cooper, who was the Press’ first art director and later a founding faculty member of the Media Lab. Both Press and Lab reflect the values of MIT, an institution that places a premium on experimentation, invention, and open information access. Since its launch in 1962, the MIT Press has been changing the rules of engagement between academic authors and their readers. The Press was one of the first publishers to exploit the potential of the internet, producing open access interactive books as early as the mid-1990s. From its inception in 1985, the Media Lab was at the vanguard of the technology that enabled the digital revolution and enhanced human expression. Now in its fourth decade, the Lab continues to check traditional disciplines at the door as designers, nanotechnologists, data visualization experts, biologists, and computer interface pioneers work side by side to reinvent the human-technology relationship.
PubPub is an open authoring and publishing platform initially developed as a Media Lab project. PubPub socializes the process of knowledge creation by integrating conversation, annotation, and versioning into short and long-form digital publication. Among the books now on PubPub is Frankenbook, an interactive edition of Frankenstein: Annotated for Scientists, Engineers, and Creators of All Kinds (MIT Press, 2017). Community contributed annotations on the platform live alongside multimedia elements and a series of essays; classrooms and reading groups are encouraged to create their own digital edition to host private discussions and manage assignments. Also, on PubPub is the Journal of Design and Science (JoDS), which forges new connections between science and design and breaks down the barriers between traditional academic disciplines. We envision JoDS as the node in a global network of online debates and intelligent discussion rooted in the Media Lab’s unique research and design ethos.
The Underlay is an open, distributed knowledge store that is architected to capture, connect, and archive publicly available knowledge and its provenance. The Underlay provides mechanisms for distilling the knowledge graph from openly available publications, along with the archival and access technology to make the data and content hosted on PubPub available to other platforms.
Our work is made possible with the generous support of:
Members of the Group:
Director, MIT Press
Media Lab & Applied Minds, LLC
Assistant Director, KFG
Managing Director, KFG
Content Lead, PubPub
Product Lead, PubPub
Head of Partnerships, KFG
Peter B. Kaufman