Models of Information Processing in the Basal Ganglia
394 pp., 7 x 10 in,
- Published: November 7, 1994
- Publisher: The MIT Press
This book brings together the biology and computational features of the basal ganglia and their related cortical areas along with select examples of how this knowledge can be integrated into neural network models.
Recent years have seen a remarkable expansion of knowledge about the anatomical organization of the part of the brain known as the basal ganglia, the signal processing that occurs in these structures, and the many relations both to molecular mechanisms and to cognitive functions. This book brings together the biology and computational features of the basal ganglia and their related cortical areas along with select examples of how this knowledge can be integrated into neural network models. Organized in four parts - fundamentals, motor functions and working memories, reward mechanisms, and cognitive and memory operations - the chapters present a unique admixture of theory, cognitive psychology, anatomy, and both cellular- and systems- level physiology written by experts in each of these areas. The editors have provided commentaries as a helpful guide to each part. Many new discoveries about the biology of the basal ganglia are summarized, and their impact on the computational role of the forebrain in the planning and control of complex motor behaviors discussed. The various findings point toward an unexpected role for the basal ganglia in the contextual analysis of the environment and in the adaptive use of this information for the planning and execution of intelligent behaviors. Parallels are explored between these findings and new connectionist approaches to difficult control problems in robotics and engineering.
James L. Adams, P. Apicella, Michael Arbib, Dana H. Ballard, Andrew G. Barto, J. Brian Burns, Christopher I. Connolly, Peter F. Dominey, Richard P. Dum, John Gabrieli, M. Garcia-Munoz, Patricia S. Goldman-Rakic, Ann M. Graybiel, P. M. Groves, Mary M. Hayhoe, J. R. Hollerman, George Houghton, James C. Houk, Stephen Jackson, Minoru Kimura, A. B. Kirillov, Rolf Kotter, J. C. Linder, T. Ljungberg, M. S. Manley, M. E. Martone, J. Mirenowicz, C. D. Myre, Jeff Pelz, Nathalie Picard, R. Romo, S. F. Sawyer, E Scarnat, Wolfram Schultz, Peter L. Strick, Charles J. Wilson, Jeff Wickens, Donald J. Woodward, S. J. Young
Bradford Books imprint
This imaginative selection of papers by a group of highly creative researchers is destined to become a landmark in the history of systems neuroscience. The title belies the scope and importance of the problem addressed—forebrain control of behavior and its modifiability by reinforcement—and the contents will stimulate a new generation of workers to provide even more useful insights into the functional organization of circuitry mediating voluntary behavior.
Larry W. Swanson, Program in Neural, Informational, and Behavioral Sciences, The University of southern California
This book will appeal to specialists in the study of motor control and to clinicians studying or treating any of the diseases caused by basal ganglia pathology, including Huntington's disease, Parkinson's disease, Tourette's syndrome, and dyskinesia. While there are several other books on the basal ganglia this one is noteworthy for its admixture of theory, anatomy, and both cellular—and systems- level physiology.
Steven P. Wise, Laboratory of Neurophysiology, National Institute of Mental Health
The basal ganglia is one of the theoretically and physiologically most interesting parts of the human brain, and this book summarizes some of the very best and most informed thinking about its function. I would recommend it to anyone as an exemplary mix of physiology and theory, and as a key resource for quickly learning about the best work in this area.
Richard S. Sutton, GTE Laboratories, Inc.