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Eurasian Population and Family History

The MIT Press Eurasian Population and Family History series advances and affirms the importance of social action and human agency. The grand narratives of classic behavioral theory overestimate the uniformity of human responses to external forces. Books in this series seek to bridge the apparent contradiction between two classes of social theory: one that emphasizes universalism and similarity — cognitive psychology, economics, and social biology — and one that emphasizes contingency and difference: anthropology, cultural studies, history.

Marriage in Europe and Asia, 1700-1900

Since Malthus, an East–West dichotomy has been used to characterize marriage behavior in Asia and Europe. Marriages in Asia were said to be early and universal, in Europe late and non-universal. In Europe, marriages were supposed to be the result of individual choices but, in Asia, decided by families and communities. This book challenges this binary taxonomy of marriage patterns and family systems. Drawing on richer and more nuanced data, the authors compare the interpretations based on aggregate demographic patterns with studies of individual actions in local populations.

Reproduction and Human Agency in Europe and Asia, 1700-1900

This pioneering study reconceptualizes the impact of social organizations, economic conditions, and human agency on human reproduction in preindustrial communities in Europe and Asia. Unlike previous studies, in which Asia is meeasured by European standards, Prudence and Pressure develops a Eurasian perspective.

Mortality and Living Standards in Europe and Asia, 1700-1900

This highly original book -- the first in a series analyzing historical population behavior in Europe and Asia -- pioneers a new approach to the comparative analysis of societies in the past. Using techniques of event history analysis, the authors examine 100,000 life histories in 100 rural communities in Western Europe and Asia to analyze the demographic response to social and economic pressures.