Tower and Office
From Modernist Theory to Contemporary Practice
400 pp., 8 x 9 in, 155 illus.
- Published: November 7, 2003
- Publisher: The MIT Press
- Published: September 23, 2005
- Publisher: The MIT Press
A study of the complex relationship between technological development and the conceptual basis of architectural design, from World War II to early 1990s.
In Tower and Office, Spanish architects Inaki Abalos and Juan Herreros look at the role and impact of advanced building technologies in American architecture since World War II. The war, they claim, marked the end of the first cycle of modernism, challenging the belief that technological progress alone could produce a perpetually better future. At the same time, the war was the source of powerful new structural models and construction methods. The authors examine the ways these technologies have been inflected over the last half century by more subjective and integrated processes of spatial organization.
In the first part of the book, Abalos and Herreros focus on the work of Le Corbusier, revealing the degree of complexity achieved in his interpretation of the modern skyscraper. In the second part, they look at the intersection of technical and cultural determinants in the design of high-rise structures since World War II. Among the issues they consider are the evolution of the load-bearing frame, the impact of high-tech systems on tall buildings, and the transparent building skin. In the third part, they address developments in office design and planning, tracing an evolution from the repetitive and homogeneous office skyscraper to the present-day mixed-use structure. Overall they demonstrate how the objective technical analysis associated with modernist architectural theory has given way in recent building practice to a variety of flexible, pragmatic, and environmental approaches. These, they suggest, have opened the way to new urban and architectural forms.
An informed, informative, and well-documented analysis of the technical development of office buildings throughout the twentieth century, Tower and Office is a valuable resource for anyone thinking critically about architecture's status in today's world. From structural systems to skins to space planning to urbanism, the commercial skyscraper becomes an archive of knowledge in which alternative futures lay hidden, awaiting recognition.
Reinhold Martin, School of Architecture, Planning, and Preservation, Columbia University, author of The Organizational Complex: Architecture, Media, and Corporate Space
They read architecture's history with the eyes of designers. They think contemporary culture with the concepts of the historian. And with close attention to the interactions of forms, programs, and above all the contrsuction technologies of the tall building, Abalos and Herreros write a rich and compelling account of our present moment in architecture.
K. Michael Hays, Graduate School of Design, Harvard University
Much of what passes fpr research today consits in the mere accumulation of data around the borders of an architectural project. Not so in the case of Iñaki Abalos and Juan Herreros. For Abalos and Herreros, research is necessarily informed as much by the imperitives of thier creative design practice as by a keen awareness of the impact of changing technologies on contemporary building practice. Tower and Office: From Modernist Theory to Contemporary Practice records their patient search for a specifically architectural expertise. The result is a book dense with carefully colated information and incisive analysis that will both surprise and eduvate the reader.
Stan Allen, architect and Dean of the School of Architecture, Princeton University