Inflation Targeting, Debt, and the Brazilian Experience, 1999 to 2003
336 pp., 6 x 9 in, 73 illus.
- Published: April 15, 2005
- Publisher: The MIT Press
How Brazil's monetary and fiscal policies survived a series of severe economic shocks and the policy lessons for other countries.
Inflation targeting—when central bank policies set specific inflation rate objectives—is widely used by both developed and developing countries around the world (although not by the United States or the European Central Bank). This collection of original essays looks at how Brazil's policy of inflation targeting, coupled with a floating exchange rate, survived a series of severe economic shocks and examines the policy lessons that can be drawn from Brazil's experience.
After a successful start in early 1999, Brazil's policy regime had to manage mounting difficulties, including a sudden reversal of capital flows and its effects on the exchange rate and public debt, the contagion of Argentina's severe economic problems, a domestic energy crisis, and the political uncertainty of the 2002 presidential campaign. The contributors, prominent Brazilian and international economists, draw important lessons from Brazil's experience, including the necessity of accompanying monetary policy with fiscal improvement, the trade-offs involved in dollar-linked debt, the importance of fiscal institutions in an emerging market economy, and the importance of keeping inflation under control.
After emerging market crises forced countries off of their exchange rate targets in the 1990s, inflation targeting became the popular alternative, with Brazil as perhaps the most important example. This book, written by some of the most eminent and relevant international economists, is a timely look at how well the new regime has performed in the face of current challenges.
Jeffrey A. Frankel, Harpel Chair of Capital Formation and Growth, Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University
The second edition of this excellent text brings the book up to the present, covering many of the most important recent developments in this rapidly changing field, while retaining the breadth of coverage and clear exposition of the first edition. It will be an indispensable reference for all students of monetary economics.
Michael Woodford, John Bates Clark Professor of Political Economy, Columbia University