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Joel S. Levine

Joel S. Levine is Senior Research Scientist in the Atmospheric Sciences Division, NASA Langley Research Center and is the Principal Investigator of NASA's research program on global biomass burning, Biospheric Research Program, Office of Space Sciences and Applications.

Titles by This Editor

Remote Sensing and Modeling of Biomass Burning, and Biomass Burning in the Boreal Forest
Edited by Joel S. Levine


The 1989 report of the National Research Council, Global Change and Our Common Future states: "Our planet and global environment are witnessing the most profound changes in the brief history of the human species. Human activity is the major agent of those changes— depletion of stratospheric ozone, the threat of global warming, deforestation, acid precipitation, the extinction of species, and others that have not become apparent." One human activity that leads to all of these global changes is the burning of the world's living and dead vegetation. And human-initiated biomass burning has increased significantly over the last century.

Biomass Burning and Global Change assesses the impact of biomass burning as a driver for global change. The two volumes bring together the most recent results of a massive climatic research project in over 80 contributions by more than 200 scientists representing a dozen different countries. The contributions are divided into the tropical, temperate, and boreal regions of the world, and many of the contributors are from countries where burning is widespread.

All aspects of biomass burning are covered—from fire ecology to atmospheric chemistry and climate. Topics include the remote sensing of fires from space, the characteristics and ecology of fire, gaseous and particulate emissions from burning, and the impact of these emissions on the chemistry of the troposphere and stratosphere and on global climate.

There are also results of recent national and international experiments on biomass burning, including the international South African Fire-Atmosphere Research Initiative (SAFARI) and Bor Forest Island Experiment in Siberia, part of the Fire Research Campaign Asia-North (FIRESCAN), and the U.S. Smoke, Clouds, and Radiation (SCAR) Experiment. Several chapters deal with the Kuwaiti oil fires and their environmental impacts.


Biomass Burning in the Tropical and Temperate Ecosystems
Edited by Joel S. Levine


The 1989 report of the National Research Council, Global Change and Our Common Future states: "Our planet and global environment are witnessing the most profound changes in the brief history of the human species. Human activity is the major agent of those changes— depletion of stratospheric ozone, the threat of global warming, deforestation, acid precipitation, the extinction of species, and others that have not become apparent." One human activity that leads to all of these global changes is the burning of the world's living and dead vegetation. And human-initiated biomass burning has increased significantly over the last century.

Biomass Burning and Global Change assesses the impact of biomass burning as a driver for global change. The two volumes bring together the most recent results of a massive climatic research project in over 80 contributions by more than 200 scientists representing a dozen different countries. The contributions are divided into the tropical, temperate, and boreal regions of the world, and many of the contributors are from countries where burning is widespread.

All aspects of biomass burning are covered—from fire ecology to atmospheric chemistry and climate. Topics include the remote sensing of fires from space, the characteristics and ecology of fire, gaseous and particulate emissions from burning, and the impact of these emissions on the chemistry of the troposphere and stratosphere and on global climate.

There are also results of recent national and international experiments on biomass burning, including the international South African Fire-Atmosphere Research Initiative (SAFARI) and Bor Forest Island Experiment in Siberia, part of the Fire Research Campaign Asia-North (FIRESCAN), and the U.S. Smoke, Clouds, and Radiation (SCAR) Experiment. Several chapters deal with the Kuwaiti oil fires and their environmental impacts.


Atmospheric, Climatic, and Biospheric Implications
Edited by Joel S. Levine

The burning of biomass—forests, grasslands, and agricultural fields after the harvest—is much more widespread and extensive than previously believed; most biomass burning is thought to be initiated by humans and is on the increase. This comprehensive volume is the first to consider biomass burning as a global phenomenon and to assess its impact on the atmosphere, on climate, and on the biosphere itself. The 63 chapters by 158 scientists—including leading biomass burn researchers from third-world countries, such as Brazil, Nigeria, Zaire, India, and China, where biomass burning is so prevalent—point to biomass burning as a significant driver of global change on our planet.

Global Biomass Burning provides a convenient and current reference on such topics as the remote sensing of biomass burning from space, the geographical distribution of burning; the combustion products of burning in tropical, temperate, and boreal ecosystems; burning as a global source of atmospheric gases and particulates; the impact of biomass burning gases and particulates on global climate; and the role of biomass burning on biodiversity and past global extinctions.

Also included are contributions on the importance of biomass burning from the International Geosphere-Biosphere Program: A Study of Global Change and from the International Global Atmospheric Chemistry Project, as well as policy options prepared by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency for managing biomass burning to mitigate global climate change.