Environment, Development, and Evolution
Evolutionary developmental biology, also known as evo-devo or EDB, seeks to find links between development and evolution by opening the "black box" of development's role in evolution and in the evolution of developmental mechanisms. In particular, this volume emphasizes the roles of the environment and of hormonal signaling in evo-devo. It brings together a group of leading researchers to analyze the dynamic interaction of environmental factors with developmental and physiological processes and to examine how environmental signals are translated into phenotypic change, from the molecular and cellular level to organisms and groups of organisms. Taken together, these chapters demonstrate the crucial roles of those processes of genetic, developmental, physiological, and hormonal change that underpin evolutionary change in development, morphology, physiology, behavior, and life-history.
Part I investigates links between environmental signals and developmental processes that could be preserved over evolutionary time. Several contributors evaluate the work of the late Ryuichi Matsuda, especially his emphasis on the role of the external environment in genetic change and variability ("pan-environmentalism"). Other contributors in part I analyze different aspects of environmental-genetic-evolutionary linkages, including the importance of alternate ontogenies in evolution and the paradox of stability over long periods of evolutionary time. Part II examines the plasticity that characterizes much of development, with contributors discussing such topics as gene regulatory networks and heterochronicity. Part III analyzes the role of hormones and metamorphosis in the evolution of such organisms with alternate life-history stages as lampreys, amphibians, and insects.
About the Editors
Brian K. Hall is University Research Professor and George S. Campbell Professor of Biology at Dalhousie University.
Roy D. Pearson is with the Gerstein Science Information Centre at the University of Toronto.
Gerd B. Müller is Professor of Theoretical Biology at the University of Vienna and Chairman of the Konrad Lorenz Institute for Evolution and Cognition Research. He is a coeditor of Origination of Organismal Form (MIT Press, 2003) and Modeling Biology (MIT Press, 2007).
"Ryuichi Matsuda and his work are unknown or at least underappreciated by evolutionary biologists. This book, which features stimulating essays and reviews, should correct this situation. The focus is on mechanisms (e.g. endocrinological) that enable environmental changes to initiate developmental changes that influence evolution. The chapters are filled with ideas and new perspectives that offer alternatives to the ways most evolutionists think."
—David B. Wake, Professor of Integrative Biology and Curator, Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, University of California, Berkeley
"The extent to which the tempo and mode of evolution depend on the nature and causes of phenotypic variation remains one of the great unresolved issues in biology. This book represents an important synthesis of current approaches to the problem."
—Keith S. Thomson, Professor of Natural History, Director of the Museum of Natural History, Oxford University
"This is a puzzling and very exciting collection. It introduces the environment into the ongoing evo-devo synthesis, and in so doing, it forces us to reconsider the significance of such concepts as heterochrony, metamorphosis, 'Lamarckism,' and the entire organism-environment relationship."
—Ron Amundson, Department of Philosophy, University of Hawaii at Hilo