Greening through IT
Environmental issues often span long periods of time, far-flung areas, and labyrinthine layers of complexity. In Greening through IT, Bill Tomlinson investigates how the tools and techniques of information technology (IT) can help us tackle environmental problems at such vast scales. Tomlinson describes theoretical, technological, and social aspects of a growing interdisciplinary approach to sustainability, “Green IT,” offering both a human-centered framework for understanding Green IT systems and specific examples and case studies of Green IT in action.
Tomlinson descrobes many efforts toward sustainability supported by IT--from fishers in India who maximized the sales potential of their catch by coordinating their activities with mobile phones to the installation of smart meters that optimize electricity use in California households--and offers three detailed studies of specific research projects that he and his colleagues have undertaken: EcoRaft, an interactive museum exhibit to help children learn principles of restoration ecology; Trackulous, a set of web-based tools with which people can chart their own environmental behavior; and GreenScanner, an online system that provides access to environmental-impact reports about consumer products. Taken together, these examples illustrate the significant environmental benefits that innovations in information technology can enable.
About the Author
Bill Tomlinson is Associate Professor of Informatics at the University of California, Irvine, and a Researcher at the California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology.
Table of Contents
- Greening through IT
- Greening through IT
- Information Technology for Environmental Sustainability
- Bill Tomlinson
- The MIT Press
- Cambridge, Massachusetts
- London, England
- © 2010
- Massachusetts Institute of Technology
- All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced in any form by any electronic or mechanical means (including photocopying, recording, or information storage and retrieval) without permission in writing from the publisher.
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- This book was set in Stone Sans and Stone Serif by the MIT Press.
- Printed on recycled paper and bound in the United States of America.
- Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Tomlinson, Bill, 1972– Greening through IT : information technology for environmental sustainability / Bill Tomlinson. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 978-0-262-01393-2 (hardcover : alk. paper) 1. Green technology. 2. Information technology—Environmental aspects. I. Title. TD145.T48 2010 303.48'3—dc22 2009033821
- 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
- For Miles, who kicks.
- Acknowledgments ix
- 1 Introduction to Green IT 1
- 2 Environmental Horizons 29
- 3 Human Horizons 47
- 4 The Role of Technology 63
- 5 Survey of Green IT Systems 91
- 6 Green IT and Education 109
- 7 Green IT and Personal Change 129
- 8 Green IT and Collective Action 147
- 9 Ways Forward 171
- Notes 183
- References 185
- Index 205
—Nicholas Negroponte, Founding Chairman Emeritus, MIT Media Lab, Founder and Chairman, One Laptop per Child