How Humans Judge Machines

How Humans Judge Machines

By César A. Hidalgo, Diana Orghiain, Jordi Albo Canals, Filipa de Almeida and Natalia Martin

How people judge humans and machines differently, in scenarios involving natural disasters, labor displacement, policing, privacy, algorithmic bias, and more.

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Open Access

Summary

How people judge humans and machines differently, in scenarios involving natural disasters, labor displacement, policing, privacy, algorithmic bias, and more.

How would you feel about losing your job to a machine? How about a tsunami alert system that fails? Would you react differently to acts of discrimination depending on whether they were carried out by a machine or by a human? What about public surveillance? How Humans Judge Machines compares people's reactions to actions performed by humans and machines. Using data collected in dozens of experiments, this book reveals the biases that permeate human-machine interactions. Are there conditions in which we judge machines unfairly?

Is our judgment of machines affected by the moral dimensions of a scenario? Is our judgment of machine correlated with demographic factors such as education or gender? César Hidalgo and colleagues use hard science to take on these pressing technological questions. Using randomized experiments, they create revealing counterfactuals and build statistical models to explain how people judge artificial intelligence and whether they do it fairly. Through original research, How Humans Judge Machines bring us one step closer to understanding the ethical consequences of AI.

Written by César A. Hidalgo, the author of Why Information Grows and coauthor of The Atlas of Economic Complexity (MIT Press), together with a team of social psychologists (Diana Orghian and Filipa de Almeida) and roboticists (Jordi Albo-Canals), How Humans Judge Machines presents a unique perspective on the nexus between artificial intelligence and society. Anyone interested in the future of AI ethics should explore the experiments and theories in How Humans Judge Machines.

Pre-Order Hardcover

$35.00 X ISBN: 9780262045520 256 pp. | 7 in x 9 in 32

Endorsements

  • “Profound and farsighted.“

    Nicholas Christakis

    Yale University

  • “Fascinating, provocative, and growing more important each time another AI system goes live.”

    Erik Brynfjolfsson

    Stanford Digital Economy Lab

  • “An invaluable guide to making wise choices.”

    Andrew McAfee

    MIT

  • “Shines important light on this vital yet poorly understood issue.”

    Steven Pinker

    Harvard University

  • “A must-read for everybody who wishes to understand the future of AI in our society.”

    Daron Acemoglu

    MIT

  • “Evidence—not mere conjecture or anecdote—on human moral judgments.”

    Paul Romer

    NYU, 2018 Nobel Prize in Economics

  • “Fascinating, deeply provocative and highly relevant for the mid-21st century.”

    Edward Glaeser

    Harvard University

  • “A must read.”

    Sendhil Mullainathan

    University of Chicago

  • “A framework to consider when and under what circumstances we are biased against or in favor of machines.”

    Maryann Feldman

    University of North Carolina

  • “Indispensable to any scholar studying the psychological aspects of AI ethics.”

    Iyad Rahwan

    Max Planck Institute

Pre-Order Hardcover

$35.00 X ISBN: 9780262045520 256 pp. | 7 in x 9 in 32