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Paperback | $32.00 Short | £26.95 | 384 pp. | 6 x 9 in | 30 figures, 3 tables | March 2011 | ISBN: 9780262515825
eBook | $32.00 Short | March 2011 | ISBN: 9780262297158
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Paths to a Green World, Second Edition

The Political Economy of the Global Environment


This comprehensive and accessible book fills the need for a political economy view of global environmental politics, focusing on the ways international economic processes affect environmental outcomes. It examines the main actors and forces shaping global environmental management, particularly in the developing world. Moving beyond the usual emphasis on international agreements and institutions, it strives to capture not only academic theoretical debates but also views on politics, economics, and the environment within the halls of global conferences, on the streets during antiglobalization protests, and in the boardrooms of international agencies, nongovernmental organizations, and industry associations. The book maps out an original typology of four contrasting worldviews of environmental change—those of market liberals, institutionalists, bioenvironmentalists, and social greens—and uses them as a framework to examine the links between the global political economy and ecological change. This typology provides a common language for students, instructors, and scholars to discuss the issues across the classical social science divisions.The second edition of this popular text has been thoroughly revised and updated to reflect recent events, including the food crisis of 2007-2008, the financial meltdown of 2008, and the Copenhagen Climate Conference of 2009. Topics covered include the environmental implications of globalization; wealth, poverty, and consumption; global trade; transnational corporations; and multilateral and private finance.

About the Authors

Jennifer Clapp is CIGI Chair in International Governance and Professor of Environmental Studies at the University of Waterloo. She is the coauthor of Paths to a Green World (MIT Press, 2005).

Peter Dauvergne is Professor of International Relations at the University of British Columbia. He is the author of The Shadows of Consumption: Consequences for the Global Environment and Eco-Business: A Big-Brand Takeover of Sustainability (with Jane Lister), both published by the MIT Press.

Table of Contents

  • Paths to a Green World
  • Paths to a Green World
  • The Political Economy of the Global Environment
  • Second edition
  • Jennifer Clapp and Peter Dauvergne
  • The MIT Press
  • Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • London, England
  • ©
  • 2011
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • First published 2005
  • Second edition 2011
  • All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced in any form by any electronic or mechanical means (including photocopying, recording, or information storage and retrieval) without permission in writing from the publisher.
  • For information about special quantity discounts, please email
  • This book was set in Sabon by Toppan Best-set Premedia Limited. Printed and bound in the United States of America.
  • Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
  • Clapp, Jennifer, 1963–
  • Paths to a green world : the political economy of the global environment / Jennifer Clapp and Peter Dauvergne.—2nd ed.
  •  p. cm.
  • Includes bibliographical references and index.
  • ISBN 978-0-262-51582-5 (pbk. : alk. paper)
  • 1. Environmental economics. 2. Environmental policy. 3. Global environmental change. 4. Globalization—Economic aspects. I. Dauvergne, Peter. II. Title.
  • HC79.E5.C557C53 2011
  • 333.7—dc22
  • 2010032798
  • 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
  • For our families.
  • Contents
  • Illustrations ix
  • Preface xi
  • Acknowledgments xv
  • Acronyms xix
  • 1 Peril or Prosperity?
  • Mapping Worldviews of Global Environmental Change 1
  • Four Environmental Worldviews 3
  • Market Liberals 4
  • Institutionalists 7
  • Bioenvironmentalists 9
  • Social Greens 12
  • Conclusion 14
  • 2 The Ecological Consequences of Globalization 19
  • What Is Globalization? 19
  • Globalization and the Global Environment 26
  • Conclusion 42
  • 3 The Globalization of Environmentalism 47
  • The Evolution of Global Discourse on Environment and Development 48
  • Global Environmental Governance 72
  • Conclusion 85
  • 4 Economic Growth in a World of Wealth and Poverty 87
  • Wealth and Poverty for Market Liberals and Institutionalists 87
  • Critiques: Bioenvironmentalists and Social Greens 106
  • Conclusion 122
  • 5 Global Trade and the Environment 127
  • Globalization and Trade 129
  • Trade’s Impact on the Environment: Three Schools of Thought 131
  • The WTO and the Environment 143
  • Regional Trade Agreements—Opportunity for Greener Models? 156
  • Conclusion 159
  • 6 Global Investment and the Environment 161
  • Globalization and Transnational Corporations 162
  • Differential Standards: Pollution Havens, Industrial Flight, Double Standards? 166
  • TNCs and Site Practices 174
  • Greening or Greenwash? 179
  • TNCs and Global Governance for Investment and the Environment 185
  • Conclusion 190
  • 7 Global Financing and the Environment 193
  • Scope and Trends in International Finance 194
  • Multilateral Lending: The World Bank and the IMF 199
  • Multilateral Environmental Aid: The GEF and Climate Funds 209
  • Bilateral Finance: Export Credit Agencies 214
  • Private Finance and the Environment 217
  • Conclusion 223
  • 8 Paths to a Green World?
  • Four Visions for a Healthy Global Environment 227
  • Market Liberal Vision 228
  • Institutionalist Vision 233
  • Bioenvironmentalist Vision 237
  • Social Green Vision 241
  • Clashing Visions? 245
  • Notes 251
  • References 283
  • Index 333


“ excellent primer for political, non-profit and commercial leaders.”—Amy E. Harth, Electronic Green Journal


“An extraordinarily important book that hits a grand slam for its conceptual, theoretical, pedagogical, and practical breakthroughs. Paths to a Green World should be on the required reading list for any serious course on international environmental policy. I have used it in my course ever since the first edition, and will continue to do so until the day I retire.”
Benjamin Cashore , Professor of Environmental Governance and Political Science, Yale University
“There is much to admire about the second edition of Paths to a Green World. The book provides an authoritative yet concise introduction to the political economy of the global environment; it is written in an accessible and engaging style; and it offers a nuanced interpretation of the scholarly literature and political debate on the environmental impact of globalization, trade, finance, and production. Essential for students and teachers alike.”
Robert Falkner, London School of Economics and Political Science