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Paperback | $30.00 Short | £20.95 | ISBN: 9780262621908 | 392 pp. | 6 x 9 in | July 2004

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Reshaping Rogue States

Preemption, Regime Change, and US Policy toward Iran, Iraq, and North Korea


In January 2002, President George W. Bush declared Iran, Iraq, and North Korea constituents of an "axis of evil." US strategy toward each of these countries has clearly varied since, yet similar issues and policy options have emerged for US relations with all three. Reshaping Rogue States seeks to improve our understanding of Iran, Iraq, and North Korea as well as of current and future policy options to combat the threats these nations pose. The book's comprehensive analysis of preemption and regime change debates the circumstances under which each policy might be justified or legal under international law. Prominent strategists and policymakers consider alternatives to preemption—including prevention, counterproliferation, and cooperative security—and draw conclusions from efforts to bring about regime change in the past.

Reshaping Rogue States also reviews the differing policy challenges presented by each so-called axis member. Specifically, it considers how the United States might strike a balance with North Korea through multilateral negotiations; the changes within Iran that call for changes in US policy; and the dilemmas the United States faces in post-Saddam Iraq, including continuing insurgency, instability, and the feasibility of democracy.

About the Editors

Alexander T. J. Lennon is the editor-in-chief of The Washington Quarterly, the flagship journal of the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS). He is also a fellow in the international security program at CSIS, and an adjunct professor in Georgetown University’s Security Studies program. He is the editor of The Epicenter of Crisis: The New Middle East; Reshaping Rogue States (MIT Press, 2008): Preemption, Regime Change, and U.S. Policy Toward Iran, Iraq, and North Korea (MIT Press, 2004); The Battle for Hearts and Minds: Using Soft Power to Undermine Terrorist Networks (MIT Press, 2003), What Does the World Want from America? and Contemporary Nuclear Debates (MIT Press, both 2002), and the coeditor (with Michael T. Mazarr) of Toward a Nuclear Peace (St. Martin’s Press, 1994).

Camille Eiss is associate managing editor of The Washington Quarterly, the journal of the Center for Strategic and International Studies.


“[A]n inspiring and well-organized text drawing on diverse perspectives.” — Giwoong Jung, Journal of Peace Research


"It would be hard to imagine a more timely or topical book. Preemption, prevention, regime change, cooperative security—all these issues are debated and analyzed generally and in the specific context of North Korea, Iran, and Iraq. Reshaping Rogue States will not only be an invaluable teaching tool, but also a great source of ideas and information for teachers."
—Anne-Marie Slaughter, Dean, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton University

"Defeating terrorism and controlling the spread of weapons of mass destruction is more difficult than we have assumed. Reshaping Rogue States significantly elevates analytic debates over regime change, preemption, and policy alternatives to help secure America's future."
—General Wesley K. Clark, former Supreme Allied Commander, Europe

"Reshaping Rogue States is an extremely well-conceived and timely approach to one of the most critical national security issues facing our country. Most important, the authors are the ones we want to read on these issues, all expert and active scholars with something to say."
—Robert Gallucci, Dean, Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University

"Reshaping Rogue States assembles a superb set of authors around a supremely important topic of contemporary international politics. It is required reading for policymakers and students of U.S. diplomacy."
—Josef Joffe, editor, Die Zeit, and Research Fellow, Hoover Institution, Stanford University