Transnational Politics of the Environment
The European Union and Environmental Policy in Central and Eastern Europe
A study of the effect of EU membership on Central and Eastern European environmental policy and the interplay of political incentives and industry behavior that determines policy
In Transnational Politics of the Environment, Liliana Andonova examines the effect of the Europen Union (EU) on the environmental policies of Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, and Poland. Compliance with EU environmental regulations is especially onerous for Central and Eastern European countries because of the costs involved and the legacy of pollution from communist-era industries. But Andonova argues that EU integration has a positive impact on environmental policies in these countries by exerting a strong influence on the environmental interests of regulated industries. With her empirical study of chemical safety and air pollution policies from 1990 to 2000, she shows that export-competitive industries such as the chemical industry that would benefit from economic integration have an incentive to adopt EU norms. By contrast, industries such as electric utilities that primarily serve the domestic market remain opposed to EU environmental standards and must be prodded by their own governments to implement environmental-protection measures. These differences in domestic interests greatly influence the course of reforms and the adoption of EU standards.
Transnational Politics of the Environment challenges the current focus on intergovernmental cooperation between East and West by highlighting the roles of industries, transnational norms, and domestic institutions in promoting change in environmental regulation. It offers a generalizable framework for understanding the politics of environmental regulation in emerging market economies, and helps bridge the divide between the study of domestic and international environmental politics.
HardcoverOut of Print ISBN: 9780262012065 266 pp. | 9 in x 6 in
Paperback$35.00 X ISBN: 9780262511797 266 pp. | 9 in x 6 in
A remarkably well-stated presentation of complex environmental history and political relationships in three Eastern European countries, with good research, clear thinking, and equally clear exposition.
Eugene B. Skolnikoff
Professor Emeritus of Political Science, MIT
The work presented here is quite original and theoretical and empirically sound. It will make a very significant contribution to the field of international environmental relations and comparative environmental politics. Andonova makes an innovative, interesting, compelling, and convincing argument that nicely bridges the IR/comparative politics divide that characterizes the political science field. She demonstrates how domestic politics influences international relations and how international relations influence domestic politics.
Ronald B. Mitchell
Department of Politcal Science, University of Oregon
This is the first published analysis of the impacts of the process of enactment and application of EU environmental legislation in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe. On the basis of originally researched case histories it assesses the impacts of this process on industrial structures and costs and on the interplay of industrial, political, and advocacy group interests in the legislative process. It is highly recommended reading not only for academics and experts but for all those interested in the future development of EU environmental regulation and in the solution of global environmental issues.
Member of the Board, Russian Regional Environmental Centre, Moscow, Formerly Deputy Director General for Environment, European Commission